Generic Name: ranolazine (ra NOE la zeen)
Brand Name: Ranexa
What is ranolazine?
Ranolazine is an anti-anginal medication. It works by improving blood flow to help the heart work more efficiently.
Ranolazine is used to treat chronic angina (chest pain). Ranolazine is not for use during an acute (emergency) attack of angina.
Ranolazine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about ranolazine?
You should not take ranolazine if you have cirrhosis of the liver.
Many other drugs can interact with ranolazine and should not be used at the same time. Your doctor may need to change your treatment plan if you use certain medicines to treat infections, HIV or AIDS, depression, seizures, or tuberculosis.
What should I discuss with my health care provider before taking ranolazine?
You should not take ranolazine if you are allergic to it, or if you have cirrhosis of the liver.
Many other drugs can interact with ranolazine and should not be used at the same time. Your doctor may need to change your treatment plan if you use any of the following drugs:
St. John's wort;
antifungal medicine--itraconazole, ketoconazole;
HIV or AIDS medicine--indinavir, lopinavir/ritonavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir;
tuberculosis medicine--rifabutin, rifampin, rifapentine; or
seizure medicine-carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin.
To make sure ranolazine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
a heart rhythm disorder;
kidney disease; or
a personal or family history of long QT syndrome.
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether ranolazine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medicine.
It is not known whether ranolazine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.
How should I take ranolazine?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Ranolazine may be taken with or without food.
Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.
Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse while using ranolazine.
Chronic angina is often treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, numbness or tingling, dizziness, double vision, confusion, or fainting.
What should I avoid while taking ranolazine?
Ranolazine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with ranolazine and lead to unwanted side effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.
Ranolazine side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
headache with chest pain and severe dizziness, fast or pounding heartbeats; or
signs of a kidney problem--little or no urinating; painful or difficult urination; swelling in your feet or ankles; feeling tired or short of breath.
Common side effects may include:
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
Ranolazine dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Angina Pectoris:
Initial dose: 500 mg orally twice daily
Maintenance dose: 500 mg to 1000 mg orally twice daily. Maximum recommended dose is 1000 mg twice daily.
What other drugs will affect ranolazine?
Many drugs can interact with ranolazine. Not all possible interactions are listed here. Tell your doctor about all your medications and any you start or stop using during treatment with ranolazine, especially:
an antibiotic or antifungal medicine;
any other medicine to treat heart disease;
medicine to prevent organ transplant rejection;
medicine to treat a mental illness; or
medicine to treat or prevent nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy or radiation.
This list is not complete and many other drugs can interact with ranolazine. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Give a list of all your medicines to any healthcare provider who treats you.
More about ranolazine
- Other brands: Ranexa
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about ranolazine.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
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