Generic Name: sucralfate (oral) (soo KRAL fate)
Brand Names: Carafate
What is Carafate?
Carafate (sucralfate) is an anti-ulcer medication.
Carafate is not greatly absorbed into the body through the digestive tract. It works mainly in the lining of the stomach by adhering to ulcer sites and protecting them from acids, enzymes, and bile salts.
Carafate is used to treat an active duodenal ulcer. Sucralfate can heal an active ulcer, but it will not prevent future ulcers from occurring.
Carafate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Important information about Carafate
Before taking Carafate, tell your doctor if you have diabetes, kidney disease, or if you are on dialysis.
Take Carafate on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. Take this medicine for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the ulcer is completely healed. Avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours before or after you take Carafate. Sucralfate can make it harder for your body to absorb other medications you take by mouth. Avoid using antacids without your doctor's advice. Use only the type of antacid your doctor recommends. Some antacids can make it harder for Carafate to work in your stomach. If your doctor does recommend using an antacid, avoid taking it within 30 minutes before or after taking Carafate.
Before taking Carafate
To make sure you can safely take Carafate, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:
kidney disease; or
if you are on dialysis.
FDA pregnancy category B. Carafate is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether sucralfate passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use Carafate without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
See also: Carafate pregnancy and breastfeeding warnings (in more detail)
How should I take Carafate?
Take Carafate exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
Take Carafate on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure the liquid with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one. Take this medicine for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the ulcer is completely healed.
Store Carafate at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, but avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours after you take Carafate. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking Carafate?
Avoid taking any other medications within 2 hours before or after you take Carafate. Sucralfate can make it harder for your body to absorb other medications you take by mouth. Avoid using antacids without your doctor's advice. Use only the type of antacid your doctor recommends. Some antacids can make it harder for Carafate to work in your stomach. If your doctor does recommend using an antacid, avoid taking it within 30 minutes before or after taking Carafate.
Carafate side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Carafate: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Less serious Carafate side effects may include:
nausea, vomiting, upset stomach;
mild itching or skin rash;
sleep problems (insomnia);
dizziness, drowsiness, spinning sensation;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Carafate side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Carafate?
Carafate can make it harder for your body to absorb other medications you take by mouth. Tell your doctor if you are taking:
digoxin (digitalis, Lanoxin);
tetracycline (Ala-Tet, Brodspec, Panmycin, Sumycin, Tetracap);
theophylline (Elixophyllin, Theo-24, Theochron, Uniphyl, and others);
a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven); or
certain antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), ketoconazole (Nizoral), and others.
This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with Carafate. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.
More Carafate resources
Compare Carafate with other medications
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about Carafate.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Carafate only for the indication prescribed.
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Copyright 1996-2011 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 7.01. Revision Date: 9/12/2011 5:08:57 PM.