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S6. Stimulants

If a Substance or Method is not defined in this list, please verify with your Anti-Doping Organization.

All stimulants, including all optical isomers, e.g. d- and l- where relevant, are prohibited.

Stimulants include:

Non-Specified Stimulants:

  • Adrafinil
  • Amfepramone
  • Amfetamine
  • Amfetaminil
  • Amiphenazole
  • Benfluorex
  • Benzylpiperazine
  • Bromantan
  • Clobenzorex
  • Cocaine
  • Cropropamide
  • Crotetamide
  • Fencamine
  • Fenetylline
  • Fenfluramine
  • Fenproporex
  • Fonturacetam, [4-phenylpiracetam (carphedon)]
  • Furfenorex
  • Lisdexamfetamine
  • Mefenorex
  • Mephentermine
  • Mesocarb
  • Metamfetamine(d-)
  • P-methylamphetamine
  • Modafinil
  • Norfenfluramine
  • Phendimetrazine
  • Phentermine
  • Prenylamine
  • Prolintane


A stimulant not expressly listed in this section is a Specified Substance.

Specified Stimulants:

Including, but not limited to:

  • 4-methylhexan-2-amine (methylhexaneamine)
  • Benzfetamine
  • Cathine**
  • Cathinone, and its analogues, e.g. mephedrone, methedrone, and α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone;
  • Dimethylamphetamine
  • Ephedrine***
  • Epinephrine**** (adrenaline)
  • Etamivan
  • Etilamfetamine
  • Etilefrine
  • Famprofazone
  • Fenbutrazate
  • Fencamfamin
  • Heptaminol
  • Hydroxyamfetamine (parahydroxyamphetamine)
  • Isometheptene
  • Levmetamfetamine
  • Meclofenoxate
  • Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • Methylephedrine***
  • Methylphenidate
  • Nikethamide
  • Norfenefrine
  • Octopamine
  • Oxilofrine (methylsynephrine)
  • Pemoline
  • Pentetrazol
  • Phenethylamine, and its derivatives;
  • Phenmetrazine
  • Phenpromethamine
  • Propylhexedrine
  • Pseudoephedrine*****
  • Selegiline
  • Sibutramine
  • Strychnine
  • Tenamfetamine (methylenedioxyamphetamine)
  • Tuaminoheptane

and other substances with a similar chemical structure or similar biological effect(s).

Except:

  • Clonidine
  • Imidazole derivatives for topical/ophthalmic use and those stimulants included in the 2017 Monitoring Program*.

* Bupropion, Caffeine, Nicotine, Phenylephrine, Phenylpropanolamine, pipradrol, and synephrine: These substances are included in the 2017 Monitoring Program, and are not considered Prohibited Substances.

** Cathine: Prohibited when its concentration in urine is greater than 5 micrograms per milliliter.

*** Ephedrine and methylephedrine: Prohibited when the concentration of either in urine is greater than 10 micrograms per milliliter.

**** Epinephrine (adrenaline): Not prohibited in local administration, e.g. nasal, ophthalmologic, or co-administration with local anaesthetic agents.

***** Pseudoephedrine: Prohibited when its concentration in urine is greater than 150 micrograms per milliliter.

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