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BETNESOL-N EYE EAR AND NOSE DROPS

Active substance(s): BETAMETHASONE SODIUM PHOSPHATE / NEOMYCIN SULPHATE / BETAMETHASONE SODIUM PHOSPHATE / NEOMYCIN SULPHATE / BETAMETHASONE SODIUM PHOSPHATE / NEOMYCIN SULPHATE

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SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

1

NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Betnesol-N Eye, Ear and Nose Drops

2

QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
Betamethasone sodium phosphate PhEur
(equivalent to 0.1% w/v betamethasone)

0.105% w/v.

Neomycin sulphate PhEur
(equivalent to 0.385% w/v neomycin base)

0.5% w/v.

For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1

3

PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
Ear/Eye/Nose Drops, Solution
A colourless to pale yellow solution.

4

CLINICAL PARTICULARS

4.1

Therapeutic indications
Eye
Short-term treatment of steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the eye
when prophylactic antibiotic treatment is also required, after excluding the
presence of viral and fungal disease.
Ear
Otitis externa or other steroid responsive conditions where prophylactic
antibiotic treatment is also required.
Nose

Steroid responsive inflammatory conditions where prophylactic antibiotic
treatment is also required.

4.2

Posology and method of administration
The frequency of dosing depends on the clinical response. If there is no
clinical response within 7 days of treatment, the drops should be discontinued.
Treatment should be the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible time.
Normally, Betnesol-N Drops should not be given for more than 7 days, unless
under expert supervision. After more prolonged treatment (over 6 to 8 weeks),
the drops should be withdrawn slowly to avoid relapse.
Eyes
1 or 2 drops applied to each affected eye up to six times daily depending on
clinical response.
Ears
2 or 3 drops instilled into the ear three or four times daily.
Nose
2 or 3 drops instilled into each nostril two or three times daily.

4.3

Contraindications
Viral, fungal, tuberculous or purulent conditions of the eye. Fungal infections
of the nose or ear. Use is contra-indicated if glaucoma is present or herpetic
keratitis (e.g. dendritic ulcer) is considered a possibility. Use of topical
steroids in the latter condition can lead to an extension of the ulcer and marked
visual deterioration.
Otitis externa should not be treated when the eardrum is perforated because of
the risk of ototoxicity.
Corticosteroids should not be used in patients with a perforated tympanic
membrane.
Hypersensitivity to any component of the preparation.

4.4

Special warnings and precautions for use
A patient information leaflet should be supplied with this product.
Topical corticosteroids should never be given for an undiagnosed red eye as
inappropriate use is potentially blinding.
Treatment with corticosteroid/antibiotic combinations should not be continued
for more than 7 days in the absence of any clinical improvement, since
prolonged use may lead to occult extension of infection due to the masking
effect of the steroid. Prolonged use may also lead to skin sensitisation and the
emergence of resistant organisms.
Ophthalmological treatment with corticosteroid preparations should not be
repeated or prolonged without regular review to exclude raised intraocular
pressure, cataract formation or unsuspected infections.
Aminoglycoside antibiotics may cause irreversible, partial or total deafness
when given systemically or when applied topically to open wounds or
damaged skin. This effect is dose related and is enhanced by renal or hepatic
impairment. Although this effect has not been reported following topical
ocular use, the possibility should be considered when high dose topical
treatment is given to small children or infants.
Nasal administration of corticosteroids is not advised if an untreated nasal
infection is present or if the patient has pulmonary tuberculosis or following
nasal surgery (until healing has occurred).
Systemic effects of nasal corticosteroids may occur, particularly at high doses
prescribed for prolonged periods. These effects are much less likely to occur
than with oral corticosteroids and may vary in individual patients and between
different corticosteroid preparations. Potential systemic effects may include
Cushing’s syndrome, Cushingoid features, adrenal suppression, growth
retardation in children and adolescents, cataract, glaucoma and more rarely, a
range of psychological or behavioural effects including psychomotor
hyperactivity, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression or aggression (particularly
in children).

4.5

Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Betnesol-N Drops contain benzalkonium chloride as a preservative and
therefore should not be used as eye drops to treat patients who wear soft
contact lenses.

4.6

Pregnancy and lactation
Safety for use in pregnancy and lactation has not been established. There is
inadequate evidence of safety in human pregnancy. Topical administration of
corticosteroids to pregnant animals can cause abnormalities of foetal
development including cleft palate and intrauterine growth retardation. There
may therefore be a very small risk of such effects in the human foetus.
There is a risk of foetal ototoxicity if aminoglycoside antibiotic preparations
are administered during pregnancy.

4.7

Effects on ability to drive and use machines
May cause transient blurring of vision on instillation. Patients should be
warned not to drive or operate hazardous machinery unless vision is clear.

4.8

Undesirable effects
Hypersensitivity reactions, usually of the delayed type, may occur leading to
irritation, burning, stinging, itching and dermatitis.
Topical corticosteroid use may result in corneal ulceration, increased intraocular
pressure leading to optic nerve damage, reduced visual acuity and visual field defects.
Intensive or prolonged use of topical corticosteroids may lead to formation of
posterior subcapsular cataracts.
In those diseases causing thinning of the cornea or sclera, corticosteroid therapy may
result in thinning of the globe leading to perforation.
Mydriasis, ptosis, epithelial punctate keratitis and glaucoma have also been reported
following ophthalmic use of corticosteroids.
Cases of corneal calcification have been reported very rarely in association with the
use of phosphate containing eye drops in some patients with significantly damaged
corneas.
Following nasal administration, the most common effects are nasal irritation and
dryness, although sneezing, headache, lightheadedness, urticaria, nausea, epistaxis,
rebound congestion, bronchial asthma, perforation of the nasal septum, ulceration of
the nasal septum, anosmia, parosmia and disturbance to sense of taste have also been
reported.
Systemic effects of nasal corticosteroids may occur, particularly at high doses
prescribed for prolonged periods. Growth retardation has been reported in children
receiving nasal corticosteroids at licensed doses.
It is recommended that the height of children receiving prolonged treatment with
nasal corticosteroids is regularly monitored. If growth is slowed, therapy should be
reviewed with the aim of reducing the dose of nasal corticosteroid, if possible, to the

lowest dose at which effective control of symptoms is maintained. In addition,
consideration should also be given to referring the patient to a paediatric specialist.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is
important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal
product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions
via the Yellow Card Scheme on the MHRA website (www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard).

4.9

Overdose
Long-term intensive topical use may lead to systemic effects.
Oral ingestion of the contents of one bottle (up to 10ml) is unlikely to lead to
any serious adverse effects.
Treatment with higher than recommended doses may result in clinically
significant adrenal suppression.
If there is evidence of higher than
recommended doses being used then additional systemic corticosteroid cover
should be considered during periods of stress or elective surgery.

5

PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

5.1

Pharmacodynamic properties
ATC Code: S03C A
Betamethasone has topical corticosteroid activity. The presence of neomycin
should prevent the development of bacterial infection.

5.2

Pharmacokinetic properties
Not applicable as the drops are applied topically.

5.3

Preclinical safety data
None stated.

6

PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS

6.1

List of excipients
Benzalkonium chloride (anhydrous equivalent)
Disodium edetate
Polyethylene glycol 300
Sodium formate
Anhydrous sodium sulphate
Disodium hydrogen phosphate anhydrous
Sodium acid phosphate
Sodium hydroxide or
Phosphoric acid
Water for injections

6.2

Incompatibilities
None known.

6.3

Shelf life
Unopened:
Opened:

6.4

18 months
4 weeks

Special precautions for storage
Store at a temperature not exceeding 25°C. Avoid freezing. Always replace
the bottle back in the carton after use to protect its contents from light. The
sterility of the drops is assured until the cap seal is broken.

6.5

Nature and contents of container
5 and 10ml bottles with nozzle insert moulded in natural low density
polyethylene closed with a tamper evident high density polyethylene cap.

6.6

Special precautions for disposal
None stated.

7

MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
RPH Pharmaceuticals AB,
Lagervägen 7,
136 50 Haninge,
Sweden

8

MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
PL 36301/0004

9

DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE
AUTHORISATION
3 December 1992

10

DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
31/03/2015

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Source: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided here is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. This information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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