Excipient (pharmacologically inactive substance)
What is it?
Xylitol (C5H5O12) is a sweeting agent used in pharmaceutical and food processing. Similar to sorbitol or mannitol, it is a sugar alcohol and can lead to diarrhea if consumed in excess quantities. Amounts used in the pharmaceutical industry for sweetening would not normally lead to this side effect. Xylitol is often used as a sweetening agent for "sugar-free" chewing gum.
Xylitol occurs naturally in many fruits and vegetables and is produced by the human body during normal metabolism. Xylitol is produced commercially from hardwood trees and fibrous vegetation. It has about the same sweetness as sugar but with one-third the calories.
Xylitol may be found in throat lozenges, cough syrups, children's chewable multivitamins, toothpastes and mouthwashes. In the United States, xylitol is approved as a food additive for special dietary needs, such as diabetes. 
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Top Medications with this excipient
- Abilify Discmelt 15 mg
- Alprazolam (orally disintegrating) 0.25 mg
- Alprazolam (orally disintegrating) 1 mg
- Alprazolam (orally disintegrating) 0.5 mg
- Clonazepam 2 mg
- Clonazepam 1 mg
- Escavite multivitamin with iron and fluoride 0.25 mg
- Hyoscyamine Sulfate 0.125 mg
- Mirtazapine 30 mg
- Mirtazapine 15 mg
- Multivitamin with Fluoride (Chewable) multivitamin with fluoride 0.25 mg
- Multivitamin with Fluoride (Chewable) multivitamin with fluoride 1 mg
- Multivitamin with Fluoride (Chewable) multivitamin with fluoride 0.5 mg
- Olanzapine (Orally Disintegrating) 10 mg
- Olanzapine (Orally Disintegrating) 15 mg
- Olanzapine (Orally Disintegrating) 20 mg
- Prenata prenatal/postnatal multivitamins and minerals
- Sodium Fluoride (Chewable) 2.2 mg (equiv. fluoride 1 mg)
- Sodium Fluoride (Chewable) 0.55 mg (equiv. fluoride 0.25 mg)
- Toviaz 8 mg