Orkambi Approval History
Reviewed by J.Stewart B.Pharm Last updated on Aug 16, 2018.
FDA Approved: Yes (First approved July 2, 2015)
Brand name: Orkambi
Generic name: ivacaftor and lumacaftor
Dosage form: Tablets and Oral Granules
Company: Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated
Treatment for: Cystic Fibrosis
Orkambi (ivacaftor and lumacaftor) is a CFTR potentiator and CFTR corrector combination for the treatment of the underlying cause of cystic fibrosis in patients 2 years and older with two copies of the F508del mutation in their CFTR gene.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare genetic disease that leads to a deadly buildup of thick mucus in the lungs and other organs. It is caused by a defective or missing cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatory (CFTR) protein resulting from mutations in the CFTR gene. Orkambi is approved for use in patients 2 years and older who have two copies of the F508del mutation in the CFTR gene, accounting for about half of all CF cases.
Orkambi contains ivacaftor (Kalydeco), FDA approved to treat a smaller subset of CF patients with different gene mutations, and lumacaftor.
The safety and efficacy of Orkambi was studied in two double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials. In both studies, the participants who took Orkambi demonstrated improved lung function, reductions in pulmonary exacerbations and improvements in body mass index (BMI) compared to those who took the placebo.
Orkambi is available as oral tablets for use in adults and children over 6 years, and oral granules for use in children between 2 and 5 years of age. Doses are taken twice daily (every 12 hours) with fat-containing food.
Common side effects include shortness of breath, upper respiratory tract infection (common cold) and gastrointestinal symptoms (including nausea, diarrhea, or gas). Menstrual abnormalities such as increased bleeding have been reported among women of childbearing age.
Development History and FDA Approval Process for Orkambi
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