Orkambi FDA Approval History
Last updated by Judith Stewart, BPharm on Sep 5, 2022.
FDA Approved: Yes (First approved July 2, 2015)
Brand name: Orkambi
Generic name: ivacaftor and lumacaftor
Dosage form: Tablets and Oral Granules
Company: Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated
Treatment for: Cystic Fibrosis
Orkambi (ivacaftor and lumacaftor) is a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator and CFTR corrector combination for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients 1 year of age and older who have two copies of the F508del mutation (F508del/F508del) in their CFTR gene.
- Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare genetic disease that leads to a deadly buildup of thick mucus in the lungs and other organs. It is caused by a defective or missing cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatory (CFTR) protein resulting from mutations in the CFTR gene.
- Orkambi contains ivacaftor (Kalydeco), FDA approved to treat a smaller subset of CF patients with different gene mutations, and lumacaftor.
- The safety and efficacy of Orkambi was studied in two double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials. In both studies, the participants who took Orkambi demonstrated improved lung function, reductions in pulmonary exacerbations and improvements in body mass index (BMI) compared to those who took the placebo.
- Orkambi is available as oral tablets for use in adults and children over 6 years, and oral granules for use in children between 1 and 5 years of age. Doses are taken twice daily (every 12 hours) with fat-containing food.
- Warnings and precautions associated with Orkambi include worsening of liver function in advanced liver disease; abnormalities in liver function and testing; respiratory events; increased blood pressure; drug interactions with CYP3A inhibitors, CYP3A inducers, and hormonal contraceptives; and cataracts.
- Common side effects include dyspnea, nasopharyngitis, nausea, diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infection, fatigue, abnormal respiration, increased blood creatine phosphokinase, rash, flatulence, rhinorrhea, and influenza. Menstrual abnormalities such as increased bleeding have been reported among women of childbearing age.
Development timeline for Orkambi
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