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Drug interactions between Myfortic and Neoral

Results for the following 2 drugs:
Myfortic (mycophenolic acid)
Neoral (cyclosporine)

Interactions between your drugs

Minor

cyclosporine ↔ mycophenolic acid

Applies to:Neoral (cyclosporine) and Myfortic (mycophenolic acid)

Coadministration with cyclosporine has been shown in some studies to decrease serum levels of mycophenolic acid (MPA), and MPA levels have also increased significantly after discontinuation of cyclosporine. The mechanism and clinical significance are unknown. It may be appropriate to monitor for alterations in therapeutic effect and MPA trough levels whenever cyclosporine is added to or discontinued from the patient's immunosuppressant regimen. Mycophenolic acid has been shown to have no effect on the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine in stable renal transplant patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Myfortic (mycophenolic acid)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  2. Bornhauser M, Schuler U, Porksen G, Naumann R, Geissler G, Thiede C, Schwerdtfeger R, Ehninger G, Thiede HM "Mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis after allogeneic blood stem cell transplantation." Transplantation 67 (1999): 499-504
  3. Gregoor PJ, De Sevaux RG, Hene RJ, et al. "Effect of cyclosporine on mycophenolic acid trough levels in kidney transplant recipients." Transplantation 68 (1999): 1603-6

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Drug and food interactions

Moderate

mycophenolic acid food

Applies to: Myfortic (mycophenolic acid)

ADJUST DOSING INTERVAL: Administration of enteric coated mycophenolic acid with meals may alter its pharmacokinetics relative to administration in the fasting state. When mycophenolic acid 720 mg was administered with a high-fat meal, there was a 33% decrease in the peak plasma concentration (Cmax); a 3.5-hour increase in delay time for the rise of plasma mycophenolic acid; and a 5-hour delay in the time to reach peak plasma concentration (Tmax). However, no effect was observed on the systemic exposure of mycophenolic acid.

MANAGEMENT: To avoid variability in drug absorption between doses, enteric coated formulations of mycophenolic acid should be taken on an empty stomach, one hour before or two hours after food intake. The tablets should be swallowed whole and not crushed, chewed or divided in order to maintain the integrity of the enteric coating.

References

  1. "Product Information. Myfortic (mycophenolic acid)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.

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Moderate

cyclosporine food

Applies to: Neoral (cyclosporine)

GENERALLY AVOID: Administration with grapefruit juice (compared to water or orange juice) has been shown to increase blood concentrations of cyclosporine with a relatively high degree of interpatient variability. The mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruits.

GENERALLY AVOID: Administration with red wine may decrease blood concentrations of cyclosporine. In 12 healthy volunteers, 12 ounces total of a merlot consumed 15 minutes prior to and during cyclosporine administration (single 8 mg/kg dose of Sandimmune) decreased cyclosporine peak blood concentration (Cmax) and systemic exposure (AUC) by 38% and 30%, respectively, compared to water. The time to reach peak concentration (Tmax) doubled, and oral clearance increased 50%. The exact mechanism of interaction is unknown but may involve inhibition of CYP450 3A4 in the gut wall similar to grapefruit juice.

MONITOR: Food has been found to have variable effects on the absorption of cyclosporine. There have been reports of impaired, unchanged, and enhanced absorption during administration with meals relative to the fasting state. The mechanisms are unclear. Some investigators found an association with the fat content of food. In one study, increased fat intake resulted in significantly increased cyclosporine bioavailability and clearance. However, the AUC and pharmacodynamics of cyclosporine were not significantly affected, thus clinical relevance of these findings may be minimal.

MANAGEMENT: Patients receiving cyclosporine therapy should be advised to either refrain from or avoid fluctuations in the consumption of grapefruits and grapefruit juice. Until more data are available, the consumption of red wine should preferably be avoided or limited. All oral formulations of cyclosporine should be administered on a consistent schedule with regard to time of day and relation to meals so as to avoid large fluctuations in plasma drug levels.

References

  1. Hollander AAMJ, Vanrooij J, Lentjes EGWM, Arbouw F, Vanbree JB, Schoemaker RC, Vanes LA, Vanderwoude FJ, Cohen AF "The effect of grapefruit juice on cyclosporine and prednisone metabolism in transplant patients." Clin Pharmacol Ther 57 (1995): 318-24
  2. Min DI, Ku YM, Perry PJ, Ukah FO, Ashton K, Martin MF, Hunsicker LG "Effect of grapefruit juice on cyclosporine pharmacokinetics in renal transplant patients." Transplantation 62 (1996): 123-5
  3. Ducharme MP, Warbasse LH, Edwards DJ "Disposition of intravenous and oral cyclosporine after administration with grapefruit juice." Clin Pharmacol Ther 57 (1995): 485-91
  4. Bailey DG, Dresser GR, Kreeft JH, Munoz C, Freeman DJ, Bend JR "Grapefruit-felodipine interaction: Effect of unprocessed fruit and probable active ingredients." Clin Pharmacol Ther 68 (2000): 468-77
  5. Bailey DG, Arnold JMO, Spence JD "Grapefruit juice and drugs - how significant is the interaction." Clin Pharmacokinet 26 (1994): 91-8
  6. Honcharik N, Yatscoff RW, Jeffery JR, Rush DN "The effect of meal composition on cyclosporine absorption." Transplantation 52 (1991): 1087-9
  7. Ducharme MP, Provenzano R, Dehoornesmith M, Edwards DJ "Trough concentrations of cyclosporine in blood following administration with grapefruit juice." Br J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1993): 457-9
  8. Tsunoda SM, Harris RZ, Christians U, et al. "Red wine decreases cyclosporine bioavailability." Clin Pharmacol Ther 70 (2001): 462-7
  9. "Grapefruit juice interactions with drugs." Med Lett Drugs Ther 37 (1995): 73-4
  10. Yee GC, Stanley DL, Pessa LJ, et al. "Effect of grrapefruit juice on blood cyclosporin concentration." Lancet 345 (1995): 955-6
  11. Ioannidesdemos LL, Christophidis N, Ryan P, Angelis P, Liolios L, Mclean AJ "Dosing implications of a clinical interaction between grapefruit juice and cyclosporine and metabolite concentrations in patients with autoimmune diseases." J Rheumatol 24 (1997): 49-54
  12. Tan KKC, Trull AK, Uttridge JA, Metcalfe S, Heyes CS, Facey S, Evans DB "Effect of dietary fat on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cyclosporine in kidney transplant recipients." Clin Pharmacol Ther 57 (1995): 425-33
View all 12 references

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Therapeutic duplication warnings

No therapeutic duplications were found for your selected drugs.

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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