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Drug interactions between kava and mipomersen

Results for the following 2 drugs:
kava
mipomersen

Interactions between your drugs

Major

kava ↔ mipomersen

Applies to:kava and mipomersen

MONITOR CLOSELY: Coadministration of mipomersen with other agents known to induce hepatotoxicity may potentiate the risk of liver injury. Mipomersen can cause elevations in serum transaminases and hepatic steatosis. In a premarketing clinical trial, 12% (4/34) of patients treated with mipomersen had at least one elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) or greater, and 9% (3/34) had at least one elevation in ALT 5 times ULN or greater, compared to 0% of the 17 patients treated with placebo. There were no concomitant clinically meaningful elevations of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio (INR), or partial thromboplastin time (PTT). Mipomersen also increases hepatic fat, with or without concomitant increases in transaminases. In clinical trials of patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and hyperlipidemia, the median absolute increase in hepatic fat was 10% after 26 weeks of treatment, from 0% at baseline, measured by magnetic resonance imaging. The long-term consequences of hepatic steatosis associated with mipomersen therapy are unknown. Hepatic steatosis may be a risk factor for progressive liver disease, including steatohepatitis and cirrhosis.

MANAGEMENT: Caution is advised if mipomersen is used with other potentially hepatotoxic agents (e.g., acetaminophen; alcohol; amiodarone; androgens and anabolic steroids; antituberculous agents; azole antifungal agents; ACE inhibitors; cyclosporine (high dosages); disulfiram; endothelin receptor antagonists; interferons; kinase inhibitors; methotrexate; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents; nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors; proteasome inhibitors; retinoids; tamoxifen; tetracyclines; thiazolidinediones; tolvaptan; vincristine; zileuton; anticonvulsants such as carbamazepine, hydantoins, felbamate, and valproic acid; other lipid-lowering medications such as fenofibrate, lomitapide, niacin, and statins; herbals and nutritional supplements such as black cohosh, chaparral, comfrey, DHEA, kava, pennyroyal oil, and red yeast rice). Mipomersen has not been studied with other LDL-lowering agents that can also increase hepatic fat, thus concomitant use is not recommended. Patients treated with mipomersen should have serum ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin measured prior to initiation of treatment and regularly during treatment in accordance with the product labeling, and the dosing adjusted or interrupted as necessary. Since alcohol may increase levels of hepatic fat and induce or exacerbate liver injury, the manufacturer recommends that patients taking mipomersen not consume more than one alcoholic drink per day. Patients should be advised to seek medical attention if they experience potential signs and symptoms of hepatotoxicity such as fever, rash, itching, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, malaise, right upper quadrant pain, dark urine, pale stools, and jaundice.

References

  1. "Product Information. Kynamro (mipomersen)." Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA.

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Drug and food interactions

Major

mipomersen food

Applies to: mipomersen

GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with alcohol may increase the risk of hepatotoxicity associated with the use of mipomersen. Mipomersen can cause elevations in serum transaminases and hepatic steatosis. In a premarketing clinical trial, 12% (4/34) of patients treated with mipomersen had at least one elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) or greater, and 9% (3/34) had at least one elevation in ALT 5 times ULN or greater, compared to 0% of the 17 patients treated with placebo. There were no concomitant clinically meaningful elevations of total bilirubin, international normalized ratio (INR), or partial thromboplastin time (PTT). Mipomersen also increases hepatic fat, with or without concomitant increases in transaminases. In clinical trials of patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and hyperlipidemia, the median absolute increase in hepatic fat was 10% after 26 weeks of treatment, from 0% at baseline, measured by magnetic resonance imaging. The long-term consequences of hepatic steatosis associated with mipomersen therapy are unknown. Hepatic steatosis may be a risk factor for progressive liver disease, including steatohepatitis and cirrhosis.

MANAGEMENT: Since alcohol may increase levels of hepatic fat and induce or exacerbate liver injury, the manufacturer recommends that patients taking mipomersen not consume more than one alcoholic drink per day.

References

  1. "Product Information. Kynamro (mipomersen)." Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA.

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Therapeutic duplication warnings

No therapeutic duplications were found for your selected drugs.

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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