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Drug interactions between encorafenib and escitalopram

Results for the following 2 drugs:
encorafenib
escitalopram

Interactions between your drugs

Major

escitalopram encorafenib

Applies to: escitalopram and encorafenib

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

MONITOR CLOSELY: Escitalopram can cause dose-dependent prolongation of the QT interval. Theoretically, coadministration with other agents that can prolong the QT interval may result in additive effects and increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias including torsade de pointes and sudden death. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled ECG study consisting of 113 healthy subjects, the change from baseline in QTc (Fridericia-corrected) was 4.3 msec for escitalopram 10 mg/day and 10.7 msec for the supratherapeutic dosage of 30 mg/day. Based on the established exposure-response relationship, the predicted QTc change from placebo under the Cmax for 20 mg/day is 6.6 msec. Cases of QT interval prolongation and torsade de pointes have been reported during postmarketing use. In general, the risk of an individual agent or a combination of agents causing ventricular arrhythmia in association with QT prolongation is largely unpredictable but may be increased by certain underlying risk factors such as congenital long QT syndrome, cardiac disease, and electrolyte disturbances (e.g., hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia). The extent of drug-induced QT prolongation is dependent on the particular drug(s) involved and dosage(s) of the drug(s). In addition, central nervous system- and/or respiratory-depressant effects may be additively or synergistically increased in patients taking escitalopram with certain other drugs that cause these effects, especially in elderly or debilitated patients.

MANAGEMENT: Caution is recommended if escitalopram is used in combination with other drugs that can prolong the QT interval. Patients should be advised to seek prompt medical attention if they experience symptoms that could indicate the occurrence of torsade de pointes such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, palpitation, irregular heart rhythm, shortness of breath, or syncope. When escitalopram is used in combination with other drugs that cause CNS and/or respiratory depression, patients should be monitored for potentially excessive or prolonged CNS and respiratory depression. Ambulatory patients should be counseled to avoid hazardous activities requiring mental alertness and motor coordination until they know how these agents affect them, and to notify their doctor if they experience excessive or prolonged CNS effects that interfere with their normal activities.

References

  1. "Product Information. Lexapro (escitalopram)." Forest Pharmaceuticals, St. Louis, MO.
  2. Castro VM, Clements CC, Murphy SN, et al. "QT interval and antidepressant use: a cross sectional study of electronic health records." BMJ 346 (2013): f288
  3. EMA. European Medicines Agency. European Union "EMA - List of medicines under additional monitoring. Available from: URL: http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/regulation/document_listing/document_listing_000366.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058067c852" ([2013 - ]):
  4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  5. Health Canada "Antidepressant Cipralex (escitalopram): Updated information regarding dose-related heart risk. Available from: URL: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ahc-asc/media/advisories-avis/_2012/2012_63-eng.php." ([2012 May 7]):
  6. Canadian Pharmacists Association "e-CPS. Available from: URL: http://www.pharmacists.ca/function/Subscriptions/ecps.cfm?link=eCPS_quikLink."
  7. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
View all 7 references

Drug and food interactions

Major

encorafenib food

Applies to: encorafenib

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with potent or moderate inhibitors of CYP450 3A4 may significantly increase the plasma concentrations of encorafenib, which is primarily metabolized by the isoenzyme. When a single 50 mg dose of encorafenib (equivalent to 0.1 times the recommended dose) was administered with posaconazole, a potent CYP450 3A4 inhibitor, encorafenib peak plasma concentration (Cmax) increased by 68% and systemic exposure (AUC) increased by 3-fold. When the same dose of encorafenib was administered with diltiazem, a moderate CYP450 3A4 inhibitor, encorafenib Cmax increased by 45% and AUC increased by 2-fold. Increased exposure to encorafenib may increase the risk of serious and life-threatening adverse effects such as hemorrhage, uveitis, QT prolongation, hepatotoxicity, dermatologic reactions, and new malignancies.

MANAGEMENT: Concomitant use of encorafenib with grapefruit or grapefruit juice should generally be avoided. If coadministration is required, the manufacturer recommends reducing the encorafenib dose to one-third of the dose used prior to addition of a potent CYP450 3A4 inhibitor or one-half of the dose used prior to addition of a moderate CYP450 3A4 inhibitor. After the inhibitor has been discontinued for 3 to 5 elimination half-lives, the encorafenib dose that was taken prior to initiating the inhibitor may be resumed.

Moderate

escitalopram food

Applies to: escitalopram

Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of escitalopram such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with escitalopram. Do not use more than the recommended dose of escitalopram, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

Switch to professional interaction data

Therapeutic duplication warnings

No warnings were found for your selected drugs.

Therapeutic duplication warnings are only returned when drugs within the same group exceed the recommended therapeutic duplication maximum.

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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