Drug interactions between Celexa and Suboxone
Interactions between your selected drugs
buprenorphine ↔ citalopram
Applies to:Suboxone (buprenorphine/naloxone) and Celexa (citalopram)
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
GENERALLY AVOID: Citalopram can cause dose-dependent prolongation of the QT interval. Theoretically, coadministration with other agents that can prolong the QT interval may result in additive effects and increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias including torsade de pointes and sudden death. In a randomized, double-blind, crossover, escalating multiple-dose study consisting of 119 healthy subjects, the maximum mean increase in corrected QT interval from placebo was 8.5 msec for citalopram 20 mg and 18.5 msec for citalopram 60 mg. Based on the established exposure-response relationship, prolongation of the corrected QT interval was estimated to be 12.6 ms for citalopram 40 mg. Cases of QT interval prolongation and torsade de pointes have been reported during postmarketing use. In general, the risk of an individual agent or a combination of agents causing ventricular arrhythmia in association with QT prolongation is largely unpredictable but may be increased by certain underlying risk factors such as congenital long QT syndrome, cardiac disease, and electrolyte disturbances (e.g., hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia). The extent of drug-induced QT prolongation is dependent on the particular drug(s) involved and dosage(s) of the drug(s). In addition, central nervous system- and/or respiratory-depressant effects may be additively or synergistically increased in patients taking citalopram with certain other drugs that cause these effects, especially in elderly or debilitated patients.
MANAGEMENT: The use of citalopram is not recommended in patients receiving other drugs that prolong the QT interval. Citalopram is also not recommended in patients with congenital long QT syndrome, bradycardia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, recent acute myocardial infarction, or uncompensated heart failure. However, if treatment with citalopram is required in these patients, the labeling recommends that the dosage not exceed 40 mg/day, as higher dosages may have an excessive effect on the QT interval and confer no additional benefit in the treatment of depression. A maximum dosage of 20 mg/day is recommended for patients with hepatic impairment, those greater than 60 years of age, and poor metabolizers of CYP450 2C19. Patients at risk for significant electrolyte disturbances should have serum potassium and magnesium assessed at baseline and periodically during treatment. If hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia is found, it should be corrected prior to initiation of treatment. Regular ECG monitoring is also recommended, and persistent QTc measurements greater than 500 msec should prompt discontinuation of the medication. Patients should be advised to seek prompt medical attention if they experience symptoms that could indicate the occurrence of torsade de pointes such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, palpitation, irregular heart rhythm, shortness of breath, or syncope. When citalopram is used in combination with other drugs that cause CNS and/or respiratory depression, patients should be monitored for potentially excessive or prolonged CNS and respiratory depression. Ambulatory patients should be counseled to avoid hazardous activities requiring mental alertness and motor coordination until they know how these agents affect them, and to notify their doctor if they experience excessive or prolonged CNS effects that interfere with their normal activities.
- FDA. U.S. Food and Drug Administration "FDA Drug Safety Communication: Abnormal heart rhythms associated with high doses of Celexa (citalopram hydrobromide). Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm269086.htm." ([2011 Aug 24]):
- Canadian Pharmacists Association "e-CPS. Available from: URL: http://www.pharmacists.ca/function/Subscriptions/ecps.cfm?link=eCPS_quikLink."
- Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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