Drug interactions between albuterol and Imodium
Interactions between your selected drugs
albuterol ↔ loperamide
Applies to:albuterol and Imodium (loperamide)
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
MONITOR: The use of higher than recommended dosages of loperamide (e.g., through abuse or misuse) has been associated with serious and potentially fatal cardiac adverse events, including syncope, cardiac arrest, and arrhythmia related to prolongation of the QT interval. Under such circumstances, coadministration with other agents that can prolong the QT interval may result in additive effects and increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias such as torsade de pointes and sudden death. According to the FDA, the agency received reports of 48 cases of serious heart problems associated with use of loperamide from when it was first approved in 1976 through 2015. Thirty-one of these cases resulted in hospitalizations, and 10 patients died. The serious heart problems occurred mostly in patients who were using loperamide dosages that were much higher than recommended in an attempt to achieve euphoria, prevent opioid withdrawal, or treat diarrhea. In the most severe cases, individuals self-treated with dosages ranging from 70 to 1600 mg/day, or 4 to 100 times the recommended dosage. In other cases, patients were taking the recommended dosage, but with concomitant interacting drugs that caused an increase in loperamide levels. There have been additional cases of serious heart problems associated with loperamide use reported in the medical literature. In general, the risk of an individual agent or a combination of agents causing ventricular arrhythmia in association with QT prolongation is largely unpredictable but may be increased by certain underlying risk factors such as congenital long QT syndrome, cardiac disease, and electrolyte disturbances (e.g., hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia). In addition, the extent of drug-induced QT prolongation is dependent on the particular drug(s) involved and dosage(s) of the drug(s).
MANAGEMENT: Caution is recommended if loperamide is used in combination with other drugs that can prolong the QT interval. Patients should be counseled to not exceed the recommended dosage and frequency or duration of use of loperamide, and to seek prompt medical attention if they experience symptoms that could indicate the occurrence of torsade de pointes such as dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, palpitation, irregular heart rhythm, shortness of breath, or syncope. If loperamide-induced cardiotoxicity is suspected, promptly discontinue loperamide and initiate therapy to manage and prevent cardiac arrhythmias and adverse outcomes. Electrical pacing or cardioversion may be necessary if torsade de pointes persists despite pharmacotherapy. In many of the reported cases of loperamide-induced cardiotoxicity, standard antiarrhythmic drugs were ineffective, and electrical pacing or cardioversion was necessary.
- US Food and Drug Administration "FDA warns about serious heart problems with high doses of the antidiarrheal medicine loperamide (Imodium), including from abuse and misuse. Available from: URL: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/DrugSafety/UCM505108.pdf." ([2016, Jun 7]):
- Eggleston W, Clark KH, Marraffa JM "Loperamide Abuse Associated With Cardiac Dysrhythmia and Death." Ann Emerg Med (2016):
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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