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A yeast infection
, or vulvovaginal candidiasis, is a common vaginal infection. Vulvovaginal candidiasis is caused by a fungus, or yeast-like germ. Fungi are normally found in your vagina. Too many fungi can cause an infection.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have fever and chills.
- You develop abdominal or pelvic pain.
- Your discharge is bloody and it is not your monthly period.
- Your signs and symptoms get worse, even after treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Signs and symptoms:
- Thick, white, cheese-like discharge from your vagina
- Itching, swelling, and redness in your vagina
- Burning when you urinate
Treatment for a yeast infection
includes medicines to treat the fungal infection and decrease inflammation. The medicine may be a pill, cream, ointment, or vaginal tablet or suppository.
Keep your vagina healthy:
- Do not have sex until your symptoms go away. Have your partner wear a condom until you complete your course of medication.
- Always wipe from front to back after you use the toilet. This prevents spreading bacteria from your rectal area into your vagina.
- Clean in and around your vagina with mild soap and warm water each day. Gently dry the area after washing. Do not use hot tubs. The heat and moisture from hot tubs can increase your risk for another yeast infection.
- Do not wear tight-fitting clothes or undergarments for long periods. Wear cotton underwear during the day. Cotton helps keep your genital area dry and does not hold in warmth or moisture. Do not wear underwear at night.
- Change your laundry soap or fabric softener if you think it is irritating your skin.
- Do not douche or use feminine hygiene sprays or bubble bath. Do not use pads or tampons that are scented, or colored or perfumed toilet paper.
- Ask your healthcare provider about birth control options if necessary. Condoms have latex and diaphragms have gel that kills sperm. Both of these may irritate your genital area.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.