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Viral Syndrome, Ambulatory Care

Viral syndrome

is a term healthcare providers use for general symptoms of a viral infection that has no clear cause.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • Fever and chills, or a rash
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Cough, sore throat, or hoarseness
  • Headache, or pain and pressure around your eyes
  • Muscle aches and joint pain
  • Shortness of breath or wheezing
  • Abdominal pain, cramps, and diarrhea
  • Nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite

Seek immediate care for the following symptoms:

  • Continued vomiting and diarrhea
  • Chest pain or trouble breathing

Treatment for a viral syndrome

may include medicines to decrease fever, cough, or stuffy nose. You may also need medicines to relieve a rash, itching, or help treat the viral infection.

Manage your symptoms:

Drink liquids as directed to help prevent dehydration. Ask how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. You may need to drink an oral rehydration solution (ORS). An ORS has the right amounts of water, salts, and sugar you need to replace body fluids.

Prevent the spread of viral syndrome:

  • Wash your hands often. Use soap and water. Wash your hands after you use the bathroom, change a child's diapers, or sneeze. Wash your hands before you prepare or eat food. Use a gel hand cleaner if soap and water are not available.
  • Wear a mask to help prevent spreading the virus to others.
  • Cook and handle food properly. Cook food completely through. Clean food preparation surfaces with a disinfectant.
  • Ask about vaccinations. You may need an influenza (flu) vaccine, pneumococcal vaccine, or meningococcal vaccine. These vaccines help prevent the flu, pneumonia, and meningococcal disease.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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