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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A vasectomy is a procedure to make you sterile. It is a permanent form of birth control. The vas deferens (sperm tubes) are cut so that the semen does not contain sperm.
You may need any of the following:
- NSAIDs help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine can be bought with or without a doctor's order. This medicine can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your primary healthcare provider (PHP) if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow the directions on it before using this medicine.
- Take your medicine as directed. Contact your PHP if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Decrease pain and swelling:
- Lie on your back as much as possible the day of your procedure. Place a cushion such as a washcloth or small towel under your scrotum to elevate it.
- Apply ice on your scrotum for 15 to 20 minutes every hour for 2 days. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel. Ice helps prevent tissue damage and decreases swelling and pain.
- Wear an athletic supporter for at least 2 days. This will decrease pain and swelling, and protect your wound.
Care for your wound as directed. Carefully wash the wound with soap and water. Dry the area and put on new, clean bandages as directed. Change your bandages when they get wet or dirty.
You may walk and drive normally the day after your procedure. Do not play sports, do yard work, or lift anything heavy until your PHP says it is okay. You may need to wait up to a week before you have sex.
Follow up with your PHP or surgeon in 12 weeks:
You will need to return to have your semen tested for sperm. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Contact your PHP or surgeon if:
- You have a fever.
- Your wound is red, swollen, or draining pus.
- You feel pain or burning when you urinate.
- You have worsening pain in your scrotum, even after you take medicine.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Seek care immediately or call 911 if:
- Blood soaks through your bandage.
- Your stitches come apart.
- You see blood in your urine or semen.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.