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Urinary Tract Infection In Pregnancy


A urinary tract infection (UTI) is caused by bacteria that get inside your urinary tract. The urinary tract includes your kidneys and bladder. UTIs are common in women, especially during pregnancy. This is because of changes in your immune system, hormones, and uterus. As your uterus grows, your bladder may not completely empty. Bacteria can grow in the urine left in your bladder and cause a UTI. UTIs during pregnancy can increase your risk for a kidney infection and preterm labor.


Return to the emergency department if:

  • You are urinating very little or not at all.
  • You have nausea and repeated vomiting.
  • You have severe pain.
  • You have a fever and chills.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have pain in the sides of your back.
  • You do not feel better after 2 days of treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


  • Medicines help treat the bacterial infection, decrease pain, or decrease burning when you urinate.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Urinate when you feel the urge:

Do not hold your urine. Urinate as soon as you feel you have to. Urinate after you have sex to clean out any bacteria.

Drink liquids as directed:

Ask how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. You may need to drink more fluids than usual to help flush bacteria out of your urinary tract. Do not drink caffeine or carbonated liquids. These drinks can irritate your bladder.

Do pelvic muscle exercises often:

Pelvic muscle exercises may help decrease your symptoms during pregnancy. The pelvic muscles help you start and stop urinating. Squeeze these muscles tightly for 5 seconds, then relax for 5 seconds. Gradually work up to squeezing for 10 seconds. Do 3 sets of 15 repetitions a day, or as directed.

Wipe from front to back:

Wipe from the front, where you urinate, toward your rectum. This helps prevent bacteria from entering your urinary tract.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You may need to return for more urine tests. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.