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is a scalp infection caused by a fungus. Tinea capitis is also called ringworm of the scalp or head. It is most common among children. Tinea capitis is a scalp infection caused by a fungus. Tinea capitis is also called ringworm of the scalp or head. It is most common among children.
Common signs and symptoms include the following:
- Hair loss
- Raised, scaly skin
- Itchy scalp
- Black dots on your scalp from broken hairs
- Small, round bumps
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have a fever.
- Your infection continues to spread after 7 days of treatment.
- Other areas of your scalp become red, warm, tender, and swollen.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Tinea capitis is usually treated with antifungal medicine. It is given as a pill. Take the medicine until it is gone, even if your scalp looks better sooner. Your healthcare provider may also recommend an antifungal cream.
Prevent the spread of tinea capitis:
- Use antifungal shampoo as directed. Use a clean towel each time you wash your hair. Do not scratch your scalp. This may cause the infection to spread to other areas of your scalp. If your child has an infection, he can go to school once he is using medicine and shampoo regularly.
- Do not share personal items. Do not share towels, brushes, combs, or hair accessories.
- Wash items in hot water. Wash all towels, clothes, and bedding in hot water. Use laundry soap. Wash brushes and combs, barrettes, and hats in hot, soapy water.
- Keep your skin, hair, and nails clean and dry. Bathe every day. Wash your hands often.
- Have infected pets treated by a veterinarian. A patch of missing fur is a sign of infection in a pet. Wear gloves and long sleeves if you handle an infected animal. Always wash your hands after handling the animal. Vacuum your home to remove infected fur or skin flakes. Disinfect surfaces and bedding that your animal comes into contact with.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.