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Thyroid Function Test
A thyroid function test
is a blood test that checks your thyroid hormone levels. Your thyroid gland makes triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) hormones. These hormones help control body temperature, heart rate, growth, and weight. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) helps balance thyroid levels by telling the thyroid when to produce thyroid hormones. TSH is made in the pituitary gland. Thyroid function tests may be done to check your blood levels of T3, T4, or TSH. These and other tests may be done to check how well your thyroid works.
Why you need a thyroid function test:
You may need this test if you have symptoms of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is a condition that is caused by thyroid hormone levels that are too high. Hyperthyroidism can lead to weight loss, sweating, a fast heartbeat, trouble sleeping, and other symptoms. Hypothyroidism is a condition that develops when your thyroid hormone levels are too low. Hypothyroidism may cause weight gain, fatigue, sensitivity to cold, thinning hair, depression, and other symptoms. This test may instead be done to check how well your thyroid medicine is working.
How to prepare for this test:
This blood test may be done any time during the day. Certain medicines can affect the results of your thyroid test. Ask your healthcare provider if you should wait to take your medicines until after your blood is taken. Wear a short-sleeved or loose shirt on the day of the test. This will make it easier to draw your blood.
What you need to know about your test results:
Your healthcare provider will discuss your test results with you. You may need to return for more tests if your test results are abnormal. You will need to take medicine if you have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. If you are already taking medicine for these conditions, your dose may need to be changed.
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