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Testicular Self-examination


A testicular self-examination (TSE) is a way to check your testicles for lumps and other changes. Regular TSEs can help you learn how your testicles normally look and feel. Ask your caregiver to teach you how to do a TSE if you are not sure how to do it correctly. You should also have your primary healthcare provider check your testicles during a physical exam.


Why you should do a TSE:

The main sign of testicular cancer is a lump in the testicle. Regular TSEs can help you find lumps or changes that you should tell your primary healthcare provider about. Testicular cancer is often curable if it is found early.

When you should do a TSE:

You may start checking your testicles regularly after you have gone through puberty. An easy way to remember to do a TSE is to do the exam on the same day of each month. Talk to your primary healthcare provider about TSEs and when and how often to do them.

How to perform a TSE:

The best time to do a TSE is after a warm shower or bath. This is when your scrotum is most relaxed.

  • Stand in front of the mirror and look at your scrotum. Look for changes in its shape, size, and color. It may be normal for one side of your scrotum to appear larger or hang lower than the other.
  • Use both hands to examine each testicle. Put the thumbs of both hands in front of your testicle. Place the pointer fingers of both hands behind the testicle. Gently roll each testicle between your thumbs and fingers. Feel for lumps or changes in the testicle and scrotum.

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • You have aching or discomfort in your lower abdomen or groin.
  • You find any lumps or changes in your testicles.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.