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Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS)?

TTS is a condition that causes pain, numbness, and weakness in your toes or foot. The tarsal tunnel is between the bump on the inside of your ankle and ligaments stretched across your foot. Nerves, arteries, and tendons within the tunnel help your foot move and be flexible. TTS is caused by repeated pressure and swelling on the nerve that runs from your ankle to your foot.

Heel, toes, ankle

What increases my risk for TTS?

What are the signs and symptoms of TTS?

Any of the following may be worse at night, or when you move or stand on your feet:

How is TTS diagnosed?

Tell your healthcare provider about any foot or ankle injury or surgery you had. He or she may feel your ankle and foot. This will help him or her find swelling, bony growths, or other problems. Your provider may watch you stand or walk to see if you lean forward onto your toes. He or she may inflate a cuff on your leg, tap on your ankle, or bend your foot. Pain or other symptoms during any of these may help your provider diagnose TTS. You may also need any of the following:

How is TTS treated?

Your symptoms may get better without treatment. You may need any of the following if your symptoms continue or are severe:

How can I manage TTS?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.