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Syncope In Children


Syncope, also called fainting, is a sudden loss of consciousness from a decrease in blood flow and oxygen to the brain.


Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

Prevent and manage syncope:

  • Sit or lie down quickly: Have your child sit and bend over to put his head between his knees, or lie down if he feels lightheaded or dizzy. This helps to increase blood flow to his heart and brain.
  • Change position carefully: Remind your child to change positions slowly. Teach him to take deep breaths before he sits or stands up. He may need to move his legs frequently if he sits or stands for long periods of time.
  • Encourage liquids: Encourage your child to drink liquids throughout the day to help keep his blood pressure up. Ask your child's primary healthcare provider how much liquid your child should drink each day. He may need 8 to 10 cups (8 ounces each) of liquid each day. Ask which liquids are best for your child.
  • Avoid triggers: Learn what causes syncope in your child and work with him to avoid them.

Contact your child's primary healthcare provider if:

  • Your child faints again.
  • Your child complains of headache, has a fast heartbeat, or feels too dizzy to stand up.
  • You have questions about your child's condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your child loses consciousness and does not wake up.
  • Your child has a seizure.
  • Your child complains of chest pain and has trouble breathing.
  • Your child faints, hits his head, and is bleeding.
  • Your child faints when he exercises.
  • Your child faints more than once.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.