This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility. Failure to comply may result in legal action.
is a disease that is caused by a virus. The virus is passed through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread through direct contact with an item that has the virus on it.
Signs and symptoms of smallpox:
- Severe tiredness
- Headache and backache
- Red, flat rash
- Abdominal pain
- Vomiting and diarrhea
No medicine will get rid of the smallpox infection. Your healthcare provider will treat your symptoms. You may be given IV liquids to help prevent dehydration. You may need medicine to decrease pain and lower your fever. You may also need antibiotics if you develop a bacterial infection. You can get the smallpox vaccine up to 4 days after you are exposed to the virus. This may prevent a severe infection.
If you are exposed to smallpox:
Exposure to smallpox is considered a medical emergency. Call your healthcare provider immediately if you think you have been exposed. You may be isolated in the hospital. You may receive the smallpox vaccine. Anyone who has been in direct contact with you may also need the vaccine. Your healthcare provider will call your local health agency to notify them of your infection.
For more information about smallpox:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Road
Atlanta , GA 30333
Phone: 1- 800 - 232-4636
Web Address: http://www.cdc.gov
© Copyright IBM Corporation 2021 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health
The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
Learn more about Smallpox (Ambulatory Care)
IBM Watson Micromedex
Symptoms and treatments
Mayo Clinic Reference
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.