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Simple Eosinophilic Pneumonia


Simple eosinophilic pneumonia is a condition in which inflammation in your lungs causes pneumonia. The inflammation is caused by too many eosinophils in your airways or lung tissues. Eosinophils are white blood cells that your body uses to fight allergies and parasites. The eosinophils irritate your lung tissues, making them inflamed and swollen, and this causes pneumonia. Simple eosinophilic pneumonia is also called Loffler syndrome or pulmonary eosinophilia.



  • Steroids: Steroid medicine may help open your air passages so you can breathe easier. Do not stop taking this medicine unless your primary healthcare provider says it is okay.
  • Antibiotics: This medicine will help fight or prevent an infection. Take your antibiotics until they are gone, even if you feel better.
  • Cough medicine:
    • You may need a cough medicine to help loosen phlegm in your lungs and make it easier to cough up. This type of cough medicine is called an expectorant. Drink plenty of water if you are taking an expectorant type of cough medicine. Coughing the phlegm out of your lungs can help you breathe easier.
    • A type of cough medicine that decreases your urge to cough is called a cough suppressant. If your cough is producing mucus, do not take a cough suppressant unless your caregiver tells you to. For example, your caregiver may suggest that you take a cough suppressant at night so you can rest.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Clear your airways often: Deep breathing helps open the air passages in your lungs. Coughing helps bring up mucus from your lungs. Take a deep breath and hold the breath as long as you can. Then push the air out of your lungs with a deep, strong cough. Take 10 deep breaths in a row every hour that you are awake. Remember to follow each deep breath with a cough.
  • Avoid things that irritate your lungs: Do not smoke, and do not allow others to smoke around you. Smoking increases your risk of lung infections and other health problems. Smoking also makes it harder for you to recover after a lung infection. Talk to your caregiver if you need help quitting smoking. Air pollution and smoke from fireplaces or forest fires in your area may also make it harder for you to breathe. Stay inside, or cover your mouth and nose with a scarf when you go outside during cold weather.
  • Drink lots of liquids: This helps keep your air passages moist and better able to get rid of germs and other irritants. Ask your primary healthcare provider how much liquid you should drink daily.
  • Get plenty of rest: You may feel like resting more. Slowly start to do more each day. Rest when you feel it is needed.
  • Use a cool mist humidifier or vaporizer: This can increase air moisture in your home. This may make it easier for you to breathe. Wash the humidifier each day with soap and warm water to keep it free of germs.
  • Do not drink alcohol: Alcohol dulls your urge to cough and sneeze. When you have pneumonia, you need to cough and sneeze to clear your air passages. Alcohol also causes your body to lose fluid. This can make the mucus in your lungs thicker and harder to cough up.

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.
  • Your skin is itchy, swollen, or has a rash.
  • Your symptoms do not improve with treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your symptoms are getting worse or coming back.
  • You have trouble breathing all of a sudden.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.