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Shoulder Dislocation


A shoulder dislocation

occurs when the top of your arm bone (humerus) moves out of the socket in your shoulder blade.

Shoulder Anatomy

Common signs and symptoms:

  • Shoulder and arm pain that worsens with movement
  • A bump in front of or behind your injured shoulder
  • Different shapes for each shoulder
  • Redness and swelling in your injured shoulder
  • Muscle spasms in your injured shoulder
  • Weakness, numbness, or tingling in your injured shoulder and arm

Seek care immediately if:

  • Your injured shoulder and arm become pale or cold.
  • You cannot move your injured shoulder and arm.
  • You have increased redness or swelling in your injured shoulder.
  • Your shoulder becomes dislocated again.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.
  • You have increased pain in your injured shoulder and arm even after you rest and take your medicine.
  • You have new weakness or numbness in your injured shoulder and arm.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


depends on how badly your shoulder is dislocated:

  • Manual reduction is a procedure healthcare providers use to move your dislocated humerus back into place with their hands. Weights may also be used to help pull your humerus into place. You may need a muscle relaxer, sedative, or general anesthesia before this procedure.
  • Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask your healthcare provider how to take this medicine safely. Some prescription pain medicines contain acetaminophen. Do not take other medicines that contain acetaminophen without talking to your healthcare provider. Too much acetaminophen may cause liver damage. Prescription pain medicine may cause constipation. Ask your healthcare provider how to prevent or treat constipation.
  • A sling, splint, or brace may be needed after your shoulder dislocation is treated. Slings and splints limit your shoulder movement while supporting it. You may need to wear a shoulder brace to protect your shoulder from injury after you have been treated. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about slings, splints, and braces.
  • Surgery may be needed to repair damaged tissues around your shoulder joint. You may also need a bone graft to repair your shoulder. A bone graft is artificial bone used to replace your damaged bone. You may also need surgery if your shoulder dislocates often.

Rest your injured shoulder and arm:

Rest helps your muscles and tissues heal. Avoid activities that cause pain or use an overhead arm motion. Your healthcare provider will tell you when it is safe to return to sports or other daily activities.

How to wear a brace, sling, or splint:

A brace, sling, or splint may be needed to limit your movement and protect your injured shoulder.

Shoulder Sling
  • Wear your brace, sling, or splint all the time. Take it off only to bathe or do exercises as directed. Ask your healthcare provider how many weeks you should wear it.
  • Keep your skin clean and dry. Place padding under your armpit to help absorb sweat and prevent sores on your skin.
  • Do not hunch your shoulders. This may cause pain. Keep your shoulders relaxed.
  • Support your wrist and hand with the sling. Cover the knuckles on your hand with your sling. Your wrist should be positioned higher than your elbow. Your wrist may start to hurt or go numb if your sling is too short.

Apply ice:

Ice helps decrease swelling and pain. Ice may also help prevent tissue damage. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel before you place it on your shoulder. Apply ice for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed.


Begin gentle exercises as directed. After healing begins, you may start light exercises so your shoulder does not get stiff. Go to physical therapy if directed. A physical therapist teaches you exercises to help improve movement and strength, and to decrease pain. Do not lift heavy objects or do any exercise that causes severe pain.

Follow up with your healthcare provider in 5 to 10 days:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.