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Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is scleritis?

Scleritis is severe pain, tenderness, swelling, and redness of the sclera. The sclera is the white part of your eye. Scleritis can develop in the front or back of your eye. You may have scleritis in one or both eyes. Scleritis is not contagious.

What causes scleritis?

The most common cause is an underlying autoimmune disease. Some examples include lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. These conditions can cause many of the symptoms of scleritis. In rare cases, scleritis may be caused by an infection from a fungus or parasite.

What increases my risk for scleritis?

What are the signs and symptoms of scleritis?

How is scleritis diagnosed?

Your provider will ask you about your overall health. You may need any of the following:

How is scleritis treated?

Treatment depends on the type of scleritis you have. You may need any of the following:

How can I manage my symptoms?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor or ophthalmologist?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.