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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Oct 1, 2023.



is a condition where injured muscles release harmful substances into the bloodstream. These substances include potassium, phosphate, creatinine kinase, and myoglobin. Large amounts of these substances may damage your kidneys and other organs.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • Pain, swelling, bruising, or weakness in your legs, arms, or lower back
  • Dark-colored urine, blood in the urine, or passing little or no urine at all
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Confusion or easy irritation
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Trouble breathing

Call 911 if:

  • Chest pain
  • A heart beat that is faster than usual or has a strange rhythm

Seek immediate care for the following symptoms:

  • Urine that is dark, tea-colored, or has blood in it
  • Pain, swelling, or weakness in your arms or legs that does not go away or gets worse
  • Urinating less than usual or not able to urinate

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Treatment for rhabdomyolysis

may include a large amount of IV fluid to help flush substances through your kidneys. Medicines may be added to the fluid to help flush out harmful substances and get rid of extra fluid. Medicines may also help reduce the acidity of your urine. You may also need dialysis to clean your blood when your kidneys cannot. A blood transfusion or surgery to cut tissues that cover your muscles may also be needed.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

Manage your symptoms:

  • Drink liquids as directed. Ask how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. Drink more liquids if you are doing strenuous work, exercise, and if it is warm outside. Liquids help flush substances from your body.
  • Do not drink alcohol. Heavy alcohol use may increase your risk for rhabdomyolysis.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You may need to return to have blood tests done. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Rhabdomyolysis

Treatment options

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.