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Psychotic Disorder

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is a psychotic disorder?

A psychotic disorder is a medical condition that causes hallucinations and delusions. Schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder are examples of psychotic disorders.

What are the signs and symptoms of a psychotic disorder?

You may have hallucinations and delusions. Hallucinations are seeing, hearing, tasting, or feeling things that are not real. Delusions are beliefs that something is real, true, or right when it is not. These false beliefs do not go away even if there is proof that they are not true. You may believe someone is spying on you, chasing after you, or controlling your mind. You may also believe there is something wrong with how your body works. You may also have any of the following:

What causes or increases my risk for a psychotic disorder?

The cause of a psychotic disorder may not be known. A psychotic disorder may happen with other mental illnesses, such as borderline personality disorder or bipolar disorder. Your risk for a psychotic disorder may be higher with any of the following:

How is a psychotic disorder diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and how long you have had them. He or she will ask if you have any family members with a mental illness. Tell your healthcare provider about any stressful events in your life. He or she may ask about any other health conditions or medicines you take. You may need blood tests to get information about your overall health. CT or MRI pictures may show problems in your brain that can cause a psychotic disorder.

How is a psychotic disorder treated?

A psychotic disorder can be treated. Treatment can help decrease your symptoms and make you feel better. You may need any of the following:

What can I do to manage my symptoms?

Call 911 if:

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.