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Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is proctitis?

Proctitis is a condition where you have inflammation of the lining of your rectum. The rectum is the last part of your large intestine that ends at your anus. If the inflammation continues into your colon, it is called proctolitis. Proctitis may be a short-term or long-term condition.

What causes proctitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of proctitis?

How is proctitis diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and check your abdomen and groin. Your provider may ask about other health conditions, including your past travels or activities. This also includes exposures and contacts, diseases, or treatments you may have had. Your provider may also check your rectum by inserting a gloved finger into your anus. You may need any of the following tests:

How is proctitis treated?

Treatment will depend on the cause of the proctitis. Mild proctitis caused by radiation may resolve without treatment. In other cases, treatment may include any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

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What else may be used to treat proctitis?

If you are bleeding, your healthcare provider may recommend the following:

What are the risks of proctitis?

Some tests or procedures done inside your bowels may cause a perforation (tear) and narrowing. If not treated, proctitis may cause more bleeding or ulcers and scars to form. Scar tissue may lead to narrowing of your rectum. Germs causing your infection may enter your tissues and cause an abscess (collection of pus). A fistula (abnormal connection) may form from your anus or rectum to your skin or another organ. If you are a woman, a fistula may connect your rectum to your vagina.

How can I help treat or prevent proctitis?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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