Skip to Content

Oral Candidiasis


Oral candidiasis

, or thrush, is a fungal infection that affects the inside of your mouth.

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have trouble swallowing and your jaw and neck are stiff.
  • You are dizzy, thirsty, or have a dry mouth.
  • You are urinating little or not at all.
  • You cannot eat or drink because of the pain.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.
  • You have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  • Your signs and symptoms get worse, even after treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • White or whitish-yellow patches in the mouth that look like milk curds
  • Redness or bleeding under the patches
  • Sore and painful mouth, with cracking or tearing on the corners
  • Bright red tongue that may feel like it is burning
  • Trouble swallowing and tasting
  • Swelling under dentures

Treatment for oral candidiasis

includes antifungal medicine that helps kill the fungus that caused your oral candidiasis. This medicine may be a pill or a solution that you gargle. Remove dentures before you gargle.

Prevent oral candidiasis:

Brush your teeth, gums, and tongue after you eat and before you go to sleep. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles. See your dentist for regular exams. Remove your dentures when you sleep, or at least 6 hours each day. Clean your dentures and soak them in denture cleaner. Let them air dry after soaking.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Ā© Copyright IBM Corporation 2021 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotesĀ® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Oral Candidiasis (Ambulatory Care)

Associated drugs

IBM Watson Micromedex

Mayo Clinic Reference

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.