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Myomectomy is surgery to remove one or more myomas from your uterus. Myomas are also called fibroid tumors or leiomyomas.



  • Medicines may be given to prevent or treat a bacterial infection or decrease pain. Ask your healthcare provider how to take prescription pain medicine safely. You may be given medicine to help decrease certain hormones in your blood. You may also need to take iron pills if you have anemia.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your surgeon or gynecologist as directed:

You may need to return for an ultrasound to check for new myomas. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Wound care:

Care for your wound as directed. You may need to wash the wound with soap and water. Dry the area and put on new, clean bandages as directed. Change your bandages when they get wet or dirty.


Ask your healthcare provider if you should avoid any activities after surgery.

Contact your surgeon or gynecologist if:

  • You start to bleed more than usual during or between your monthly periods, after your myomas are removed.
  • You are constipated.
  • You still cannot get pregnant, even after your myomas have been removed.
  • You feel new pressure in your abdomen.
  • You have a fever.
  • You have nausea, or you are vomiting.
  • You have new pain in your abdomen, or you have pain that is getting worse.
  • Your wound is swollen, red, or has pus coming from it.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You feel lightheaded, short of breath, and have chest pain.
  • You cough up blood.
  • Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.
  • You have any of the following signs of a heart attack:
    • Squeezing, pressure, or pain in your chest that lasts longer than 5 minutes or returns
    • Discomfort or pain in your back, neck, jaw, stomach, or arm
    • Trouble breathing
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Lightheadedness or a sudden cold sweat, especially with chest pain or trouble breathing
  • You cannot have a bowel movement at all.
  • You cannot urinate, or you urinate very little.
  • You have bleeding from your vagina that does not stop.
  • You suddenly have severe abdominal pain.
  • Your stitches come apart.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.