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Metabolic Syndrome X

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is metabolic syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a group of medical conditions that can increase your risk for heart disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes. You may have metabolic syndrome if you have at least 3 of the following medical conditions:

What increases my risk for metabolic syndrome?

The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not known. Your risk for metabolic syndrome increases if you have insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body take sugar out of your blood and use it for energy. Insulin resistance means your pancreas keeps making insulin but your body cannot use it correctly. Your risk for metabolic syndrome also increases as you age, if you are overweight or obese, or you are not physically active.

What are the signs and symptoms of metabolic syndrome?

Most people with metabolic syndrome do not have any signs or symptoms. You may have more thirst or hunger than usual, urinate more often, or have blurred vision or headaches.

How is metabolic syndrome diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about other medical conditions you may have. He or she may ask if you have a family history of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, obesity, or heart disease.

How is metabolic syndrome treated?

You may need any of the following, depending on health conditions you have:

How can I manage metabolic syndrome?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) or have someone call if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.