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Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is Mallory-Weiss syndrome?

Mallory-Weiss syndrome is a tear in the tissue where your esophagus and stomach meet. The tear causes bleeding that may be mild or severe. Anything that causes forceful vomiting or retching can cause a tear. Movements that cause straining, or an injury to your abdomen can also cause a tear.

What are the signs and symptoms of Mallory-Weiss syndrome?

What increases my risk for Mallory-Weiss syndrome?

You are at a higher risk if you are a man. Mallory-Weiss syndrome can happen at any age, but it is most common between 40 to 60 years. The following can also increase your risk:

How is Mallory-Weiss syndrome diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. Tell your provider if you recently had severe vomiting or an injury to your abdomen. Tell your provider if you had blood in your vomit or bowel movement, and when you first saw the blood. You may also need any of the following:

How is Mallory-Weiss syndrome treated?

Your healthcare provider may stop or change some of your medicines. Bleeding from a Mallory-Weiss tear usually stops on its own within 48 hours. Treatment is not needed unless the tear is severe or bleeding does not stop:

What can I do to manage or prevent Mallory-Weiss syndrome?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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