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Male Factor Subfertility and Infertility

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jun 5, 2024.

What are male factor subfertility and infertility?

Male factor subfertility and infertility are conditions that cause a man to have problems getting a woman pregnant. Infertility means you are not physically able to get a woman pregnant. Subfertility means you are physically able, but your partner has not yet become pregnant. Pregnancy may still happen, but it is less likely without medical help.

Male Reproductive System

How are the causes of male factor subfertility and infertility diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider may ask about your health history. Tell him or her if you fathered any children or if you and your partner have tried assisted reproductive therapy. Also tell him or her if your partner has lost any pregnancies. Your provider will also do a physical exam. Your hormone levels will be checked through a blood test. Your semen may be checked for problems that can affect sperm movement and function. Your urine may be checked for sperm. Sperm in your urine may mean you have a blockage or other problem. X-ray, ultrasound, or MRI pictures may show a problem or infection with your reproductive organs.

How are male factor subfertility and infertility treated?

The treatment depends on the cause:

What can I do to increase my fertility?

Where can I find support and more information?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.