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Inguinal Hernia In Children


An inguinal hernia happens when organs or abdominal tissue push through a weak spot in the abdominal wall. The abdominal wall is made of fat and muscle. It holds the organs in place. The hernia may contain fluid, tissue from the abdomen, or part of an organ (such as an intestine).


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that your child may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your child's medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done to your child. Make sure all of your questions are answered.

Emotional support:

Stay with your child for comfort and support as often as possible while he is in the hospital. Ask another family member or someone close to the family to stay with your child when you cannot be there. Bring items from home that will comfort your child, such as a favorite blanket or toy.


  • Prescription pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for your child's medicine.
  • Sedative medicine may be given to help your child relax. He may need this medicine before his healthcare provider manually reduces his hernia.
  • Antibiotics help prevent a bacterial infection. Your child may be given antibiotics before he has surgery to fix his hernia.
  • IV fluids may be given to treat or prevent dehydration.


  • Blood tests may be used to test your child's kidney function or find signs of infection.
  • An x-ray, ultrasound, CT, or MRI pictures may show the tissue or organ that is contained within the hernia. It may also show if there is a lack of blood flow to the organ, a blockage in the intestines, or a hole in the intestines. Your child may be given contrast liquid to help the organs show up better in the pictures. Tell the healthcare provider if your child has ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid. Do not let your child enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury. Tell the healthcare provider if your child has any metal in or on his body.


  • A nasogastric (NG) tube may be inserted to relieve nausea and vomiting. An NG tube is a thin tube that is inserted through your child's nose and into his stomach. The tube can remove fluid and air from your child's stomach.
  • Manual reduction of the hernia may be done. Manual reduction means your child's healthcare provider will use his hands to put firm, steady pressure on your child's hernia. He will continue until the hernia disappears inside the abdominal wall.
  • Surgery will be needed if your child's hernia stops blood flow to his organs. Surgery may also be need if the hernia blocks his intestines, or causes a hole in his intestines.


An inguinal hernia may cause a blockage or hole in your child's intestines. It may also stop blood flow to his intestines. He will need surgery to fix these problems.


You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's caregivers to decide what care you want for your child.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.