Skip to Content

Inactivated Polio Vaccine, Ambulatory Care

The inactivated polio vaccine (IPV)

is an injection given to help prevent polio. Polio is a disease caused by a virus. The virus damages your brain and spinal cord. This can lead to paralysis or death. The virus is spread through direct contact, or you can inhale it. The IPV is often combined with other vaccines.

Who should get the IPV:

  • Infants and children usually get a 4-dose series. The first dose may be given to infants as young as 6 weeks. If 4 doses are given before a child is 4 years old, a fifth dose is given at 4 to 6 years and at least 6 months after the last dose. If the third dose is given at 4 years or older and at least 6 months after the last dose, the fourth dose is not necessary. The IPV is usually given to children as follows:
    • The first dose at 2 months
    • The second dose at 4 months
    • The third dose at 6 to 18 months
    • A booster shot at 4 to 6 years
      IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE
  • Adults 18 years or older usually do not need the IPV. Only adults who are at high risk need the IPV, such as people traveling to areas where polio is common. Other people at risk are lab workers and healthcare providers who could come into contact with the polio virus. The following are reasons a high-risk adult will receive IPV:
    • No previous polio vaccine was received. Adults who have not received any polio vaccine should be given 3 doses as follows:
      • The first dose at any time
      • The second dose 1 to 2 months later
      • The third dose 6 to 12 months after the second dose
    • The polio immunization is not complete. If only 1 or 2 doses of polio vaccine were received, the rest of the recommended doses should be given. The schedule is continued from the last dose no matter how long ago it was received.
    • At least 3 doses of polio vaccine were received. A booster shot of IPV may be given.

If your child misses a dose of the IPV

ask his healthcare provider what to do.

Who should not get the IPV:

Do not get the IPV if you have had an allergic reaction to the vaccine in the past. Do not get the IPV if you are allergic to latex or certain antibiotics. These include neomycin, streptomycin, or polymyxin B. Wait to get the IPV if you are sick or have a fever. Pregnant women should wait to get the vaccine until after they give birth.

Call 911 for any of the following:

  • A swollen mouth or throat
  • Wheezing or trouble breathing
  • Chest pain or a fast heartbeat
  • Feeling faint

Seek immediate care for the following:

  • A red or swollen face
  • Hives that spread over your body
  • Feeling weak or dizzy

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Hide