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A hysteroscopy is a procedure to look at the inside of your uterus. Other procedures may also be done during the hysteroscopy.


Before your procedure:

  • Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
  • An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
  • Anesthesia is medicine to make you comfortable during the procedure. Caregivers will work with you to decide which anesthesia is best for you.
    • General anesthesia will keep you asleep and free from pain during the procedure. Anesthesia may be given through your IV. You may instead breathe it in through a mask or a tube placed down your throat. The tube may cause you to have a sore throat when you wake up.
    • Regional anesthesia is medicine that is injected to numb the body area where the procedure will be done. You will remain awake during the procedure.

During your procedure:

Your legs will be put up in stirrups. An instrument called a hysteroscope will be inserted into your vagina. Carbon dioxide gas or a liquid will be put inside the uterus to open it. This allows caregivers to see the uterus more closely. Instruments may be used to remove polyps, fibroids, an IUD, or check for other problems if needed. A tissue sample may also be taken and sent to the lab for tests.

After your procedure:

You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. Caregivers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your caregiver says it is okay. When your caregiver sees that you are okay, you will be able to go home or be taken to your hospital room. A sanitary pad will be placed between your legs. A caregiver may check the pad soon after the procedure to watch for bleeding. You may feel faint, lightheaded, dizzy, or nauseated after your hysteroscopy.

  • Medicines:
    • Antibiotics help prevent infection caused by bacteria.
    • Antinausea medicine helps calm your stomach and prevents vomiting.
    • Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.


You may have abdominal cramping. You may bleed more than expected or get an infection. The procedure may scar your uterus and cause problems later. You may have a reaction to the medicines used to fill your uterus during the hysteroscopy. Your uterus, bowel, or bladder may be injured during the procedure. Without this procedure, caregivers may not be able to find the cause of your health problems.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Hysteroscopy (Inpatient Care)

Micromedex® Care Notes