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Hypernatremia

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Hypernatremia occurs when there is an imbalance of sodium and water in your body. The amount of sodium (salt) in your blood is higher than normal. Sodium is an electrolyte (mineral) that helps your muscles, heart, and digestive system work properly. It helps control blood pressure and fluid balance. Hypernatremia can become life-threatening if left untreated.

DISCHARGE INSTRUCTIONS:

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You will need more blood tests to check your level of sodium. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Nutrition:

Talk to your healthcare provider about any diet changes you need to make, such as decreasing sodium.

Liquids:

Follow your healthcare provider's advice about the amount of liquid you should drink. Ask how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • Your baby has a high-pitched cry, muscle weakness, or unusual irritability or drowsiness.
  • You have dry eyes or mouth.
  • You have nausea, and you are vomiting.
  • You have muscle weakness or twitching.
  • You have a headache, confusion, irritability, or any other changes in behavior.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have a seizure.
  • You cannot be awakened.
  • You are breathing faster than normal.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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