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Hearing Loss In Children


Hearing loss

means your child has trouble hearing or he cannot hear at all in one or both ears. Hearing loss can happen suddenly or slowly over time.

Common signs and symptoms include the following:

  • Your baby may not notice sounds around him such as a voice, a rattle shaking, or a loud noise.
  • Your child's speech does not seem normal for his age. Your child is old enough to talk, but he is not saying words yet.
  • Your child may sit close to the TV with the volume up very high.
  • Your child watches the faces and lips of others closely when they speak.
  • Your child often asks you or others to repeat what was said.
  • Your child does not respond to someone when the person is not in clear view.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your child has fluid, pus, or blood leaking from his ear.
  • Your child has sudden, severe hearing loss.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your child has a fever.
  • Your child has ear pain that is getting worse.
  • Your child has ringing in his ears or dizziness that will not go away.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.


depends on the cause of your child's hearing loss. Removal of earwax or treatment for any medical conditions that have caused his hearing loss may be needed. Your child may need any of the following:

  • A hearing aid is a small device that fits inside your child's ear and helps him hear better. Your healthcare provider can help you choose a hearing aid that is right for your child.
  • A cochlear implant is a tiny device that is put into your child's cochlea (part of his inner ear) during surgery. This device can only be used for sensorineural hearing loss.
  • Assistive listening devices (ALDs) pick up sound and send it through earphones or a headset. ALDs can help your child hear better when he is in a place with background noise. Examples include classrooms, theaters, or auditoriums. ALDs can be used alone or with hearing aids or cochlear implants.
  • Surgery may be needed if your child's hearing loss is caused by otosclerosis. Surgery may also be done to place small tubes in your child's ear. These tubes help drain fluid and help prevent ear infections.
  • Therapy may be needed to help a young child learn to speak or communicate with sign language. Hearing loss can delay your child's speech and language development. You may also need to learn sign language so you can communicate with your child.

Manage your child's hearing loss:

  • Keep your child away from loud noises to help prevent more hearing loss. This includes fireworks, loud music, motorcycles, and power tools.
  • Face your child when you speak to him. When you are in a group setting, have your child sit in a location where he can clearly see the faces of the people who are speaking. Ask people not to speak loudly or shout when they speak to your child. People should speak using their usual tone and volume.
  • Keep all appointments with your child's healthcare providers. Your child's hearing loss may change as he grows, so he will need regular appointments to check for changes.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.