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Global Aphasia Exercises
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Global aphasia exercises help with communication after the person loses almost all ability to understand and use language. The person may also have trouble understanding written words. You may have to break exercises into small parts and have the person focus on one part at a time.
Exercises to help with spoken words:
- Have the person do actions as you say them. For example, ask the person to touch his or her nose, then point to the wall, and then clap his or her hands. Give the person 1 step at a time. Wait for the person to do that step before you move to the next.
- Name objects in the room and have the person point to them.
- Have the person name objects in the room, such as chair, lamp, and picture.
- Have the person nod or shake his or her head in response to yes or no questions.
- Have the person count objects, say the alphabet, or name the days of the week and months of the year.
- Have the person sing some well-known songs, such as Happy Birthday or Take Me Out To The Ball Game.
- Name a word and have the person say a word meaning the opposite. An example is hot and cold. The person might have trouble doing this exercise quickly. He or she may first need time to understand the word you say. Then extra time may be needed to find and say the opposite word.
- Describe an object and have the person name it. For example, the object is something used to cut paper, and the word is scissors.
- Have the person name as many items in a category as he can. For example, a category is fruit, and oranges, apples, and grapes are all fruit.
- Name 3 things and have the person tell how they are alike. For example, tiger, giraffe, and lion are all animals.
- Name words and have the person tell you what they mean.
Exercises to help with written words:
- Have the person copy or write numbers, letters, and words.
- Show the person an object or picture and have him or her write down what he or she sees.
- Have the person practice writing personal information such as name, address, and telephone number.
- Give the person a word and have him or her write a sentence using it.
- Have the person do a crossword puzzle or word scramble.
- Have the person match a picture to a word.
Follow up with a speech therapist as directed:
The person may need to return for regular visits. The speech therapist can help make a treatment plan. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during the visits.
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