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Foot Fracture in Children


A foot fracture is a break in one or more of the bones in your child's foot. Foot fractures are commonly caused by trauma, falls, or repeated stress injuries.

Foot Anatomy



  • Pain medicine: Your child may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you give this medicine to your child.
  • Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Your child could develop Reye syndrome if he takes aspirin. Reye syndrome can cause life-threatening brain and liver damage. Check your child's medicine labels for aspirin, salicylates, or oil of wintergreen.
  • Give your child's medicine as directed. Contact your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not working as expected. Tell him or her if your child is allergic to any medicine. Keep a current list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs your child takes. Include the amounts, and when, how, and why they are taken. Bring the list or the medicines in their containers to follow-up visits. Carry your child's medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

Bathing with a cast or splint:

Ask when it is okay for your child to bathe. Do not let the cast or splint get wet. Cover the cast or splint with 2 plastic trash bags. Tape the bags to your child's skin above the cast to seal out the water. Have your child keep his foot out of the water in case the bag breaks. Contact your child's healthcare provider if the cast gets wet. Dry the cast with a hairdryer set on low or no heat.

Cast or splint care:

  • Check the skin around the cast or splint every day for redness or sores.
  • Do not let your child push down or lean on any part of the cast or splint, because it may break.
  • Do not let your child use a sharp or pointed object to scratch his skin under the cast or splint.

Help your child's foot heal:

  • Rest: Your child may need to rest his foot. He may need to avoid activities that caused the fracture or that cause pain while the fracture heals.
  • Ice: Ice helps decrease swelling and pain. Ice may also help prevent tissue damage. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel, and place it on your child's foot for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed.
  • Elevate: Have your child raise his foot above the level of his heart as often as he can. This will help decrease swelling and pain. Have him prop his foot on pillows or blankets to keep it elevated comfortably.
    Elevate Limb

Crutches or a cane:

Your child may need to use crutches or a cane to help him walk. Ask for more information on how to use crutches or a cane correctly.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your child has a fever.
  • Your child's cast has new blood stains or a foul smell.
  • Your child has more swelling than he did before the cast or splint was put on.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • Your child has increased pain that does not go away even after he takes pain medicine.
  • Your child's cast breaks or is damaged.
  • Your child's leg or toes feel numb.
  • Your child's skin or toenails become swollen, cold, or turn white or blue.
  • Blood soaks through your child's splint or cast.

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2018 Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or IBM Watson Health

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Foot Fracture in Children (Aftercare Instructions)

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