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Flatfoot In Children
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Flatfoot, or fallen arches, is a condition that causes a lack of arch in your child's foot. Flatfoot is common in children younger than 6 years. It is normal for your baby not to have an arch that you can easily see. Babies have a fat pad that can cover the arch. You may be able to see the arch if you lift your baby so his feet dangle. The arch of the foot usually develops by 10 years, but your child may still have flatfoot as an adult. Flatfoot may be flexible or rigid. Flexible means your child has an arch when his foot is relaxed but not when he is standing. Rigid means his foot does not have an arch even when it is relaxed.
Contact your child's healthcare provider if:
- Your child has new or worsening symptoms.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.
- NSAID medicine such as ibuprofen can help relieve pain and swelling. Ask your child's healthcare provider how much medicine to give and how often to give it. Follow directions. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney damage if not taken correctly. If your child takes blood thinning medicine, always ask his healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for your child to take.
- Do not give aspirin to children under 18 years of age. Your child could develop Reye syndrome if he takes aspirin. Reye syndrome can cause life-threatening brain and liver damage. Check your child's medicine labels for aspirin, salicylates, or oil of wintergreen.
- Give your child's medicine as directed. Contact your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not working as expected. Tell him or her if your child is allergic to any medicine. Keep a current list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs your child takes. Include the amounts, and when, how, and why they are taken. Bring the list or the medicines in their containers to follow-up visits. Carry your child's medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
A physical therapist
can teach your child how to prevent overuse of muscles and tendons in his legs and feet. He can also teach your child exercises to stretch tight tendons in his heel. The stretches may be the only treatment your child needs.
- Rest can help relieve your child's pain. Do not let him do activities that make his symptoms worse. Ask your child's healthcare provider if sports are safe for your child.
- Orthotics may be helpful if your child has foot pain. An orthotic is a device made of plastic that slips into your child's shoe. They support the arch as your child walks. Orthotics will not treat flatfoot or change how your child's foot develops as he grows. They will only help relieve pain and help your child walk more easily. Talk to your child's healthcare provider about the kind of orthotics that are best for your child. You might want to choose a style that is soft. Hard orthotics may increase your child's pain.
- Shoes with flexible soles can help your child develop a normal foot motion as he walks. Ask his healthcare provider how old he should be to start wearing shoes.
- Weight loss may help relieve your child's symptoms if he is overweight. A healthy weight can also prevent flatfoot. Ask your child's healthcare provider how much your child should weigh. He can help you create a healthy weight loss plan for your child.
Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:
Your child may need more tests or treatment as he gets older. His healthcare provider may also refer him to a specialist if your child has a tight heel tendon, pain, stiffness, or trouble walking or running. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.