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A finger fracture
is a break in 1 or more of the bones in your finger. It is most commonly caused by a direct blow to the finger.
Common signs and symptoms include the following:
- Pain, bruising, or swelling
- Weakness or numbness
- Trouble moving your finger
- Finger looks abnormally shaped
Seek care immediately if:
- Your cast or splint gets wet, damaged, or comes off.
- Your splint or cast feels too tight.
- You have severe pain.
- Your injured finger is numb, cold, or pale.
Contact your healthcare provider or hand specialist if:
- Your pain or swelling gets worse, even after treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
- A cast or splint may be needed to prevent movement and protect your finger so it can heal.
- NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
- Acetaminophen decreases pain and fever. It is available without a doctor's order. Ask how much to take and how often to take it. Follow directions. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage if not taken correctly.
- Prescription pain medicine may be given. Ask your healthcare provider how to take this medicine safely. Some prescription pain medicines contain acetaminophen. Do not take other medicines that contain acetaminophen without talking to your healthcare provider. Too much acetaminophen may cause liver damage. Prescription pain medicine may cause constipation. Ask your healthcare provider how to prevent or treat constipation.
- Closed reduction may be done to put your bones back into their correct position without surgery.
- Open reduction surgery may be needed to put your bones back into the correct position. An incision is made and the bones are put back in the correct position. This may include the use of special wires, pins, plates or screws. These help keep the broken pieces lined up so your finger can heal correctly.
- Wear your splint as directed. Do not remove your splint until you follow up with your healthcare provider or hand specialist.
- Apply ice on your finger for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel before you apply it to your skin. Ice helps prevent tissue damage and decreases swelling and pain.
- Elevate your finger above the level of your heart as often as you can. This will help decrease swelling and pain. Prop your hand on pillows or blankets to keep it elevated comfortably.
- Go to physical therapy as directed. A physical therapist teaches you exercises to help improve movement and strength, and to decrease pain.
Follow up with your healthcare provider or hand specialist within 2 days:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.