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Enterobiasis is a pinworm infection. Pinworms are small, thin, white worms that infect the intestines. At night, these worms enter your child's anus and lay tiny eggs around it.



  • Medicine that kills the pinworms inside your child's intestines will be given. This medicine stops the pinworms from laying eggs. Other family members may also be given this medicine even if they do not have symptoms. Medicated creams may also be given to treat redness, pain, and swelling of your child's anus.
  • Give your child's medicine as directed. Contact your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not working as expected. Tell him if your child is allergic to any medicine. Keep a current list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs your child takes. Include the amounts, and when, how, and why they are taken. Bring the list or the medicines in their containers to follow-up visits. Carry your child's medicine list with you in case of an emergency. Throw away old medicine lists.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Prevent enterobiasis:

  • Change and wash your child's clothes, underpants, and bed sheets daily. Do not shake the clothes or bedding before you wash it because this may spread the eggs.
  • Give your child a bath after he wakes up every morning. Use a clean towel or washcloth every time. Wash his anus with soap and water.
  • Keep your child's nails short and clean, and wash his hands before he holds or eats food.
  • Tell other family members to always wash their hands before and after they take care of your child.
  • Wash your hands after you change your child's diapers or help him in the bathroom.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your child has a decreased appetite.
  • Your child has a fever.
  • Your child has diarrhea.
  • Your child has trouble sleeping.
  • Your child's anus becomes red and painful.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • Your child is not gaining weight and feels weak.
  • Your child has blood in his bowel movements.
  • Your child has severe abdominal pain.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.