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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A corneal abrasion is a scratch on the cornea of your eye. The cornea is the clear layer that covers the front of your eye. A small scratch may heal in 1 to 2 days. Deeper or larger scratches may take longer to heal.
Call your healthcare provider or ophthalmologist if:
- Your eye pain or vision gets worse.
- You have yellow or green drainage from your eye.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
- Medicines may be given in the form of eyedrops or ointment to help prevent an eye infection. You may also be given eyedrops to decrease pain.
- Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Care for your eyes:
- Get regular eye exams. Get your eyes checked at least every year.
- Eat healthy foods. Fresh fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamins A and C may help with your vision. Foods such as sweet potatoes, apricots, and carrots are rich in good nutrients for the eyes.
- Take care of your contacts or glasses. Store, clean, and use your contacts or glasses as directed. Replace your glasses or contact lenses as often as your healthcare provider suggests.
- Decrease eye strain. Rest your eyes, especially after you read or sew for long periods of time. Get plenty of sleep at night. Use lights that reduce glare in your home, school, or workplace.
- Wear dark sunglasses. This will help prevent pain and light sensitivity. Make sure the sunglasses have UVA and UVB protection. This will protect your eyes when you go outside.
- Use eyedrops safely. If your treatment plan includes eyedrops, it is important to use them as directed. Your provider may give you detailed instructions to follow. The eyedrops may also come with safety instructions. Follow all instructions to help prevent an infection. Do not touch the tip of the bottle to your eye. Germs from your eye can spread to the medicine bottle.
Help prevent corneal abrasions:
- Remove your contact lenses if your eyes feel dry or irritated.
- Wash your hands if you need to touch your eyes or your face.
- Trim your child's fingernails so he or she cannot scratch his or her eye.
- Wear protective eyewear when you work with chemicals, wood, dust, or metal.
- Wear protective eyewear when you play sports.
- Do not wear your contacts for longer than you should.
- Do not wear colored lenses or lenses with shapes on them. These lenses may cause eye damage and vision loss.
- Do not wear glitter makeup. Glitter can easily get into your eyes and under contact lenses.
- Do not sleep with your contacts in.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.