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Congenital Cytomegalovirus

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What is congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV)?

CMV is a viral infection that your child gets before birth. CMV is passed from an infected mother through the placenta to her unborn baby. CMV can be harmful to an unborn baby and lead to severe health problems. A CMV infection increases your baby's risk for hearing or vision problems. A CMV infection may also increase your child's risk for birth defects and learning or development problems.

What are the signs of congenital CMV?

Most babies who are born with a CMV infection do not have any signs of the infection. In some cases, your baby may have the following:

How is CMV diagnosed?

How is CMV treated?

There is no cure for CMV.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.