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is a procedure you use to empty your bowel by putting liquid into your stoma. Your healthcare provider will tell you if you can irrigate your colostomy. Irrigation allows you to time your bowel movements. Your bowel movements need to be regular and free of problems before you can use a stoma cap and irrigation. Schedule regular times to irrigate your colostomy.
Irrigate your colostomy:
Ask an ostomy nurse or someone specially trained in ostomy care how to irrigate your colostomy. Below are some general steps for irrigation:
- Gather your supplies. You will need a plastic irrigating container with a long tube and a cone to put water into your colostomy. You will also need an irrigation sleeve that will direct the output into the toilet. You will need an adjustable belt to attach the irrigation sleeve and a tail closure for the end of the sleeve.
- Choose the same time every day to irrigate. This will help decrease problems with your colostomy.
- Know how much liquid to use. Fill the irrigating container with about 16 to 50 ounces (500 to 1500 mL) of lukewarm water. The water should not be cold or hot. Ask how much water you will need to irrigate. Hang the irrigation container so that it is level with your shoulder. Sit up straight on the toilet or on a chair next to the toilet.
- Attach the irrigation sleeve to your stoma. Take the adjustable belt and attach it to the irrigation sleeve. Place the belt around your waist and place the sleeve over your stoma. Place the end of the irrigation sleeve into the toilet bowl.
- Release air bubbles from the tubing. Release the clamp and allow a small amount of water to flow into the sleeve. Clamp the tubing again.
- Moisten the end of the cone. Use water or a water-soluble lubricant.
- Place the tip of the cone 3 inches into your stoma. Make sure the fit is snug, and do not force the cone. Release the clamp on the tubing again and slowly allow the water to flow into the stoma. This should take about 5 to 10 minutes. Keep the cone in place for another 10 seconds.
- Remove the cone. Allow the output to drain into the irrigation sleeve for about 10 to 15 minutes. Dry the end of the irrigation sleeve. Clip the bottom of the sleeve to the top with a clasp or close the end of the sleeve with the tail closure. It may take 30 to 45 minutes to drain. You may move around during this time. Empty the output from the sleeve into the toilet. Clean the area around the stoma with mild soap and water and pat dry.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have a foul odor coming from your colostomy bag or stoma that lasts longer than a week.
- Your skin around the stoma becomes red and irritated.
- You have nausea, vomiting, pain, cramping, or bloating.
- Your bowel movements change.
- The size of your stoma changes.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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