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Colon Stricture


A colon stricture

is the narrowing of the large intestine. A stricture slows or prevents waste from passing through your large intestine. Colon strictures can become life-threatening if they are not treated.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • Constipation
  • Pain or cramps in your abdomen
  • Bloated or swollen abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting

Seek care immediately if:

  • You have a fever.
  • You have nausea and vomiting, and severe, worsening abdominal pain.
  • You have severe abdominal swelling.
  • You cannot have a bowel movement or pass gas.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You have abdominal cramps that come and go.
  • You have diarrhea but feel like your bowels are still full.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.


You may not be able to prevent strictures if you have certain chronic conditions, such as Crohn disease. The following may help to prevent colon strictures:

  • Eat a variety of healthy foods. Choose foods that are low in fat. Eat more fruits and vegetables.
  • Do not smoke. Nicotine can damage blood vessels and make it more difficult to manage your colon stricture. Smoking also increases your risk for colorectal cancer. Do not use e-cigarettes or smokeless tobacco in place of cigarettes or to help you quit. They still contain nicotine. Ask your healthcare provider for information if you currently smoke and need help quitting.
  • Do not lift heavy items. This will help prevent hernias that can cause part of your intestine to go through your abdominal wall.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.