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Basic Metabolic Panel

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Dec 4, 2023.

What is a basic metabolic panel?

A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a group of blood tests. These tests show how well your kidneys work. They also show the levels of glucose (sugar) and electrolytes in your blood. Electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium, affect how your body works. A BMP is often done when you have a physical exam. It may also be done to help diagnose a health condition if you have been ill.

How do I get ready for the test?

Healthcare providers may tell you not to eat or drink anything, except water, 10 to 12 hours before the test. Several medicines can affect the results of your BMP test. Ask your healthcare provider if you should wait to take your medicines until after your blood is drawn. Wear a short-sleeved or loose shirt on the day of the test. This will make it easier to draw your blood.

What do I need to know about my test results?

Your healthcare provider will explain what your test results mean for you. You may need to return for more blood tests if your results are abnormal.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your lab tests. You can then discuss the results with your healthcare providers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.