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Acute Nausea And Vomiting, Ambulatory Care

Acute nausea and vomiting

starts suddenly, gets worse quickly, and lasts a short time. Nausea and vomiting may be caused by pregnancy, alcohol, infection, or medicines.

Common related symptoms include the following:

  • Fever
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Pain, tenderness, or a lump in the abdomen
  • Splashing sounds heard in your stomach when you move

Seek immediate care for the following symptoms:

  • Blood in your vomit or bowel movements
  • Sudden, severe pain in your chest and upper abdomen after hard vomiting
  • Dizziness, dry mouth, and thirst
  • Urinating very little or not at all
  • Muscle weakness, leg cramps, and trouble breathing
  • A heart beat that is faster than normal
  • Vomiting for more than 48 hours

Treatment for acute nausea and vomiting

may include medicines to calm your stomach and stop the vomiting. You may need IV fluids if you are dehydrated.

Manage your nausea and vomiting:

  • Drink liquids as directed to prevent dehydration. Ask how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. You may need to drink an oral rehydration solution (ORS). ORS contains water, salts, and sugar that are needed to replace the lost body fluids. Ask what kind of ORS to use, how much to drink, and where to get it.
  • Eat smaller meals, more often. Eat small amounts of food every 2 to 3 hours, even if you are not hungry. Food in your stomach may help decrease your nausea.
  • Avoid stress. Find ways to relax and manage your stress. Headaches due to stress may cause nausea and vomiting. Get more rest and sleep.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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