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Abrasion in Children


An abrasion is a scrape on your child's skin. It may happen when his or her skin rubs against a rough surface. Examples of an abrasion include rug burn, a skinned elbow, or road rash. Abrasions can be many shapes and sizes. The wound may hurt, bleed, bruise, or swell.


Return to the emergency department if:

  • The bleeding does not stop after 10 minutes of firm pressure.
  • You cannot rinse one or more foreign objects out of your child's wound.
  • Your child has red streaks on his or her skin near the wound.

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your child has a fever or chills.
  • Your child's abrasion is red, warm, swollen, or draining pus.
  • You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.

Care for your child's abrasion:

  • Wash your hands and dry them with a clean towel.
  • Press a clean cloth against your child's wound to stop any bleeding.
  • Rinse your child's wound with a lot of clean water. Do not use harsh soap, alcohol, or iodine solutions.
  • Use a clean, wet cloth to remove any objects, such as small pieces of rocks or dirt.
  • Rub antibiotic ointment on your child's wound. This may help prevent infection and help your child's wound heal.
  • Cover the wound with a non-stick bandage. Change the bandage daily, and if gets wet or dirty.

Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.