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Valvular Heart Disease News

Related terms: Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease

Viagra Won't Help, and May Harm, Patients With a Heart Valve Disorder

Posted 29 Aug 2017 by

TUESDAY, Aug. 29, 2017 – When one of the heart's valves goes awry, this can lead to dangerously high blood pressure in the nearby lungs. Recent studies have suggested that the impotence drug Viagra (sildenafil) might help ease the problem, known as "pulmonary hypertension linked to valvular heart disease." But new research suggests the medicine might do the opposite – raising patients' heart risks instead. In what he called a "surprise" finding, "six-month treatment with sildenafil leads to worse clinical outcomes than placebo," said lead researcher Dr. Javier Bermejo, a cardiologist at University Gregorio Maranon General Hospital in Madrid, Spain. The bottom line, he said: "Long-term usage of sildenafil for treating residual pulmonary hypertension in patients with valvular heart disease should be avoided." Bermejo spoke in a news release from the annual meeting of the European ... Read more

Related support groups: Viagra, Sildenafil, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Revatio, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Diagnosis and Investigation, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Mechanical Heart Valve Noise May Mean Sleepless Nights

Posted 19 May 2017 by

FRIDAY, May 19, 2017 – Nearly 1 in 4 people with a mechanical heart valve says the noise it makes disrupts their sleep, a new study finds. "For some patients the closing sound of their mechanical heart valve reduces their quality of life, disturbs their sleep, causes them to avoid social situations, and leads to depression and anxiety," said study lead author Kjersti Oterhals. She is a nurse researcher at Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway. The Norwegian researchers surveyed 245 patients with a mechanical aortic heart valve. The participants' average age was 60. Eighty-seven percent of men and 75 percent of women said that they were able to hear the valve. Twenty-three percent said the sound disturbed them during sleep and 9 percent said it disturbed them during the day. "Most of us need a quiet environment when we are going to sleep and these patients found it hard to ... Read more

Related support groups: Depression, Anxiety, Anxiety and Stress, Major Depressive Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Dysthymia, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Mitral Stenosis, Valvular Heart Disease

Busiest Docs Get Best Results With Heart Valve Surgery

Posted 2 May 2017 by

TUESDAY, May 2, 2017 – Patients who have heart valve surgery get better results and are more likely to survive if their surgeon does a lot of the operations, a new study. Researchers from Mount Sinai Health System in New York City studied New York state data on patients who had a type of heart operation called mitral valve surgery between 2002 and 2013. Damaged mitral valves can be either repaired or replaced. Mitral valve repair has several important advantages over valve replacement, including better life expectancy and quality of life, according to background information with the study. However, among heart surgeons, there is a great deal of variability over their choice of surgery, the researchers noted. In the study, those patients whose surgeons did more than 25 of the operations a year were more likely to get valve repair than replacement, and their repair was more durable than ... Read more

Related support groups: Valvular Heart Disease, Cardiothoracic Surgery

Young Thyroid Cancer Survivors May Face Long-Term Health Risks

Posted 24 Jan 2017 by

TUESDAY, Jan. 24, 2017 – Younger survivors of thyroid cancer are at increased risk for certain types of health problems later in life, a new study suggests. "As the number of thyroid cancer survivors grows, more people are living with other serious health conditions resulting from treatment," study lead author Brenna Blackburn said in an American Society of Clinical Oncology news release. Blackburn is a graduate research assistant at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. In the new study, her team tracked data from more than 3,700 thyroid cancer survivors in Utah diagnosed between 1997 and 2012. The researchers compared those patients' long-term health to that of more than 15,500 people who did not have thyroid cancer. The study found that thyroid cancer survivors diagnosed before age 40 were five times more likely to develop swelling around the heart, and more than twice as likely ... Read more

Related support groups: Levothyroxine, Synthroid, Thyroid Disease, Hypothyroidism - After Thyroid Removal, Levoxyl, Thyroid Cancer, Levothroid, Eltroxin, Tirosint, Euthyrox, Levothyrox, Oroxine, Eutroxsig, Unithroid, Valvular Heart Disease, Thyroid Tumor, Levo-T, L Thyroxine Roche, Levotabs, Evotrox

Women Fare Better Than Men After a Heart Valve Replacement

Posted 19 Dec 2016 by

MONDAY, Dec. 19, 2016 – Women have a higher survival rate than men after a specific type of heart valve replacement procedure, a new study finds. The procedure is called a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Researchers looked at information from more than 23,000 heart patients. They all had TAVR between 2011 and 2014. The study included nearly an equal number of women and men. Even though women had more complications after the procedure, their chances of survival over the next year were higher than for men. The reasons for this aren't clear, the study authors said. The study was published Dec. 19 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. TAVR is a minimally invasive method used on high-risk patients with aortic valve disease. Patients with this condition can undergo one of three treatments: TAVR; surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR); or medical therapy, the ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Tai Chi Could Be a Healthy Move for Your Heart

Posted 9 Mar 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, March 9, 2016 – Tai chi and other traditional Chinese exercises may benefit people with heart disease, researchers report. The new review of 35 studies included more than 2,200 people in 10 countries. The investigators found that, among people with heart disease, these types of low-risk activities appeared to help lower blood pressure and levels of LDL ("bad") cholesterol and other unhealthy blood fats. Tai chi, qigong and other traditional Chinese exercises were also linked to improved quality of life and reduced depression in heart disease patients, the study authors added. But the exercises did not significantly improve heart rate, aerobic fitness levels or general health scores, according to the report published March 9 in the Journal of the American Heart Association. "Traditional Chinese exercises are a low-risk, promising intervention that could be helpful in ... Read more

Related support groups: High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Heart Attack, High Cholesterol, Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, Angina, Myocardial Infarction, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Cardiovascular Risk Reduction, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders, Ischemic Heart Disease, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Valvular Heart Disease, Hypertensive Heart Disease, Infectious Heart Disease

Study: Tissue Heart Valves Seem Best for Middle-Aged Patients

Posted 13 Jan 2016 by

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 13, 2016 – Middle-aged heart valve replacement patients may have better outcomes if they receive valves made from animal tissue rather than metal, researchers report. The investigators analyzed 13 studies that compared metal and tissue valves in patients aged 40 to 70 who had aortic valve replacement. Heart valves are designed to allow blood to flow in only one direction through the heart. The two types of valves studied have different risks and benefits, the authors of the report explained. Metal (mechanical) valves last longer but are more likely to cause blood clots. So patients have to take blood-thinning drugs for the rest of their lives, which can increase the risk of major bleeding, the study authors said. Tissue (bioprosthetic) valves are less likely to cause blood clots, but they may need to be replaced at some point, the authors added. Fifteen years after ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Heart Valve Patients Who Manage Their Own Blood Thinners May Do Better

Posted 10 Nov 2015 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 – Patients with mechanical heart valves may benefit from managing their own blood thinners, a new study suggests. "There are several reasons that patients who self-manage treatment have better outcomes than those who follow standard management," said study leader Dr. Thomas Decker Christensen, from Aarhus University Hospital, in Denmark. "Self-management patients receive more detailed information about oral anticoagulation therapy; they also learn more about the influence that diet, infectious diseases, alcohol, and other drug interactions can have on their treatment than do patients receiving standard management," Christensen explained. "We believe that the majority of patients who have a mechanical heart valve inserted during surgery should be able to manage their oral anticoagulant therapy, and recommend this as the standard treatment approach for these ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Valvular Heart Disease, Aortic Insufficiency

Heart Doctors May Have Hard Time Spotting Valve Problems

Posted 1 Sep 2015 by

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2015 – Heart specialists can't always identify heart valve problems through the sound of heart murmurs, but additional training improves their abilities, a new study shows. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that occurs during a heartbeat, according to the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Some murmurs don't indicate a problem, but others can signal heart valve problems, the NHLBI says. The study included nearly 1,100 cardiologists who had their skills assessed at American College of Cardiology meetings from 2011 to 2014. They were asked to diagnose heart valve problems after listening to recordings of heart murmurs. The doctors failed to identify half of basic problems and one-third of advanced problems, the study found. The cardiologists then did extra training for both basic and advanced heart valve problems (90 minutes each). They ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Valvular Heart Disease, Mitral Stenosis, Aortic Insufficiency

Drug May Be Antidote to Bleeding Tied to Blood Thinner Pradaxa

Posted 22 Jun 2015 by

MONDAY, June 22, 2015 – The new blood thinner Pradaxa (dabigatran) is being widely used, but it comes with one serious drawback: rare but dangerous cases of sudden, uncontrolled bleeding in patients. Now, a new study finds than an experimental, injected drug called idarucizumab could be used to quickly stop that bleeding. "Idarucizumab completely reversed the anticoagulant [bleeding] effect of dabigatran within minutes," researchers say in a study published online June 22 in the New England Journal of Medicine. In recent years, new-generation blood thinners such as Pradaxa have been approved as more manageable alternatives to older drugs such as warfarin. Unlike warfarin, these drugs "do not require blood tests for monitoring... while offering similar results in terms of effectiveness," explained Dr. Kevin Marzo, chief of cardiology at Winthrop-University Hospital in Mineola, N.Y. ... Read more

Related support groups: Warfarin, Atrial Fibrillation, Coumadin, Pradaxa, Transient Ischemic Attack, Prevention of Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Atrial Flutter, Ischemic Stroke - Prophylaxis, Thromboembolic Stroke Prophylaxis, Thrombotic/Thromboembolic Disorder, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Dabigatran, Jantoven, Myocardial Infarction - Prophylaxis, Mitral Stenosis, Valvular Heart Disease, Dicumarol, Acova

Improved Artificial Heart Valve Approved

Posted 17 Jun 2015 by

WEDNESDAY, June 17, 2015 – The newest version of the Sapien 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The artificial valve is designed for people with a narrowed aortic valve, a condition that restricts blood flow from the heart to the aorta, the body's main artery. The product is sanctioned for people who are at high risk for death or serious complications from open-heart surgery to repair the narrowed valve, the FDA said in a news release. The newly approved device is the third-generation Sapien 3, originally approved in 2011. The newest version includes changes designed to minimize leakage, the FDA said. In people with aortic stenosis, the heart must work harder to pump blood through the narrowed opening. Symptoms can include fainting, chest pain, heart failure, irregular heartbeat and cardiac arrest. Possible side effects of the device ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Stenosis, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Valvular Heart Disease, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Aortic Insufficiency

FDA Expands Approval for 'Valve in Valve' Aortic Replacement

Posted 31 Mar 2015 by

TUESDAY, March 31, 2015 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday that use of the CoreValve "valve-in-valve" aortic replacement has been expanded to include people at extreme risk for serious complications of traditional open-heart surgery. The CoreValve System is designed for people who had a prior aortic valve replacement and are now in need of a second one, the FDA said in a news release. Some people whose own valves wear out have open-heart surgery to replace the original valve with one made of animal tissue. It's when that second valve needs replacing that the CoreValve product may be prescribed. The CoreValve valve is made of tissue from the heart of a pig. It's attached to a supportive metal frame of nickel-titanium alloy, the FDA said. Insertion is made via a catheter inserted into a leg artery, or via a small incision between the ribs. This removes the need for ... Read more

Related support groups: Heart Disease, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Aortic Insufficiency, Valvular Heart Disease

Study Compares Tissue-Based or Mechanical Replacement Heart Valves

Posted 3 Oct 2014 by

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 – When the heart's aortic valves cease to work properly, surgeons often use replacement valves to help restore proper cardiac function. Now a new study compares two leading types of aortic valve replacements, and finds they have similar performance in terms of long-term risk of stroke and death for patients. However, the study also found significant differences between the two types of devices when it came to rates of major bleeding and the need for another heart valve operation. According to background information from the researchers, each year in the United States about 50,000 people receive an aortic valve replacement. "Surgical aortic valve replacement is indicated for patients with symptoms of heart failure and a dysfunctional aortic valve, either too narrow or too leaky," explained one expert, Dr. Chad Kliger, a structural heart interventional cardiologist ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves - Mechanical Valves, Prosthetic Heart Valves - Tissue Valves, Valvular Heart Disease

Heart Valve Replacement May Be Getting Safer for Seniors

Posted 19 Nov 2013 by

TUESDAY, Nov. 19, 2013 – A growing number of American seniors are having heart valve replacements, and their risk of complications and death from the surgery is decreasing, new research finds. "Aortic valve replacement is standard treatment even for very elderly patients despite its risks in this age group," according to background information in the study, which appeared Nov. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Traditionally, this surgery has involved coronary artery bypass graft surgery. In this procedure, a surgeon takes blood vessels from other parts of the body and uses them to reroute blood flow around a blocked blood vessel in the heart. A less invasive method called transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a newer option that is also being used, the researchers said. They wanted an updated look at results following heart valve replacement surgeries, so they ... Read more

Related support groups: Valvular Heart Disease

Approval Expanded for Sapien Artificial Heart Valve

Posted 22 Oct 2012 by

MONDAY, Oct. 22 – U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for the Sapien Transcatheter Heart Valve has been expanded to include additional people with aortic valve stenosis, the medical term for a narrowing of the aortic valve that prevents the valve from functioning properly. The new approval sanctions the artificial valve for patients who are at above-average risk of complications from valve surgery, including the possibility of death, the agency said Friday in a news release. The valve was first approved in 2011. The device is implanted without opening the chest. It is compressed and placed into a delivery catheter that's inserted through an artery in the leg and is threaded to the site of the diseased valve. The replacement valve should not be implanted in people who cannot tolerate anti-clotting therapies, the FDA warned. Device maker Edwards Lifesciences Corp, based in Irvine, ... Read more

Related support groups: Prosthetic Heart Valves, Valvular Heart Disease

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Mitral Valve Prolapse, Prosthetic Heart Valves, Aortic Stenosis, Mitral Insufficiency, Aortic Insufficiency, Mitral Stenosis, Cardiovascular Conditions and Disorders